The sequences of changes which occur in the fine structure of root and coleorhiza cells of the rye embryo during the first 9 hours of germination are described. Quiescent cells from both tissues characteristically possess no vacuole, a cytoplasm densely packed with ribosomes, lipid droplets largely confined to a peripheral position, a greatly reduced endomembrane system, mitochondria with few cristae and nuclei in which the heterochromatin is condensed. Following imbibition the structure of root cells is elaborated slowly. Microtubules and dictyosomes appear, followed by the development of mitochondrial cristae and endoplasmic reticulum and the dispersion of lipid droplets. A similar pattern of events occurs within coleorhiza cells but at a much enhanced rate. By 6 hours the endomembrane system is highly organized but by 9 hours it has largely disappeared. These observations are discussed in relation to the penetration of the root through the coleorhiza.
Germination Secale cereale L. Root cell Ultrastructural changes