Further observations on hydrolysis of the cell wall in the xylem
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- O'Brien, T.P. Protoplasma (1970) 69: 1. doi:10.1007/BF01276648
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Hydrolyzed walls (birefringent, Periodic acid/Schiff negative, remnants of primary walls that also lack polyuronides with free carboxyl groups) are demonstrated in the primary xylem of wheat and bean leaves. Walls with similar properties have been found in the primary xylem of a variety of tissues from different species, and are believed to be ubiquitous. It is shown that the pit membrane of intervessel pits between tracheary elements of willow is also a hydrolyzed wall. Combined with the observation byLiese (1965) it seems likely that the removal of non-cellulosic polysaccharides from primary walls unprotected by lignin is a general phenomenon that occurs late in the autolysis of all tracheary elements. Parenchyma cells that abut autolyzing tracheary elements appear to react to hydrolytic attack in a number of ways that are illustrated and discussed.