, Volume 99, Issue 1–2, pp 11–17 | Cite as

High frequency production of embryos inDatura innoxia from isolated pollen grains by combined cold treatment and serial culture of anthers in liquid medium

  • Akhilesh K. Tyagi
  • A. Rashid
  • S. C. Maheshwari


This study concerns the development of pollen embryos as affected by various physical conditions of culture in media devoid of hormones. Freshly isolated pollen, from anthers ofDatura, failed to form embryos regardless of whether they were cultured on liquid or solid medium. In contrast, pollen isolated from anthers precultured on solid medium did form embryos and the response could be increased by prior cold treatment of anthers at 4 °C for 4 days. However, the best results were obtained when anthers were cultured from the very beginning in liquid medium and transferred serially to fresh medium. Under such conditions, the anthers dehisced, allowing spontaneous shedding of pollen grains. It was thus possible to have several fractions of shed pollen continuing their development into embryos. When serial culture was started with anthers from cold-treated buds not only were embryos formed in all the fractions of shed pollen but the frequency was also considerably higher than in any mode of culturing.


Cold treatment Datura innoxia Haploids Pollen embryos 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • Akhilesh K. Tyagi
    • 1
  • A. Rashid
    • 1
  • S. C. Maheshwari
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BotanyUniversity of DelhiDelhiIndia

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