Water, Air, and Soil Pollution

, Volume 74, Issue 1–2, pp 1–17 | Cite as

Baseline element concentrations in soils and plants, Bull Island, Cape Romain National Wildlife Refuge, South Carolina, U.S.A.

  • L. P. Gough
  • R. C. Severson
  • L. L. Jackson


Baseline element concentrations are given for Spanish moss (Tillandsia usneoides), loblolly pine (Pinus taeda), and associated soils. Baseline and variability data for ash, Al, Ba, C, Ca, Cd, Ce, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, K, La, Li, Mg, Mn, Na, Nb, Nd, Ni, P, Pb, S, Sc, Sr, Th, Ti, V, Y, and Zn are reported; however, not all variables are reported for all media because, in some media, certain elements were below the analytical detection limit. Spatial variation in element concentration among and within 0.5 km grid cells are given for each of the media. In general, only a few elements in Spanish moss showed statistically significant landscape patterns, whereas several elements in loblolly pine and in soils exhibited differences among sampling grids. Significant differences in the concentration of three elements in Spanish moss and eight elements (including total S) in loblolly pine were observed between two sampling dates (November and June); however, the absolute amount of these differences was small. Except for perhaps Ni and Pb concentrations in Spanish moss, element levels in all sample media exhibited ranges that indicate natural rather than anthropogenic additions of trace elements.


Spatial Variation Grid Cell Element Concentration Absolute Amount Landscape Pattern 
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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. P. Gough
    • 1
  • R. C. Severson
    • 1
  • L. L. Jackson
    • 1
  1. 1.U.S. Geological SurveyDenverUSA

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