, Volume 4, Issue 3–4, pp 175–177 | Cite as

Green leaf volatiles enhance sex attractant pheromone of the tobacco budworm,Heliothis virescens (Lep.: Noctuidae)

  • Joseph C. Dickens
  • James W. Smith
  • Douglas M. Light
Short communication


Components of the green leaf volatile complex (Z-3-hexenyl acetate andE-2-hexenyl acetate) were shown to enhance responses of tobacco budworm,Heliothis virescens, males to the sex attractant pheromone of conspecific females in the field. The results are discussed with regard to green leaf volatiles which enhance the attractant pheromone of a cohabiting species, and serve as attractants of a parasitoid of conspecific larvae.

Key words

green leaf volatiles cotton synergist behaviour sex attractant pheromone Lepidoptera Noctuidae Heliothis virescens 


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Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joseph C. Dickens
    • 1
  • James W. Smith
    • 1
  • Douglas M. Light
    • 2
  1. 1.Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of AgricultureBoll Weevil Research LaboratoryMississippi StateUSA
  2. 2.Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of AgricultureWestern Regional Research CenterAlbanyUSA

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