Advertisement

Insectes Sociaux

, Volume 43, Issue 1, pp 77–86 | Cite as

Colony composition and queen behavior in polygynous colonies of the oriental ponerine antOdontomachus rixosus (Hymenoptera Formicidae)

  • F. Ito
  • N. R. Yusoff
  • A. H. Idris
Research Article

Summary

Colony composition and behavior of queens in the ponerine antOdontomachus rixosus were investigated in Bogor (West Java) and Ulu Gombak (Penisular Malaysia). The colonies had multiple dealate queens, with a maximum of 82 queens per colony. Majority of queens (92.4%) were inseminated and laid eggs, however, the degree of ovarian development slightly varied among individual queens. Queen behavior was observed for one colony in laboratory. Reproductive condition of individual queens was related with behavioral profiles. Virgin queens and mated queens having less developed ovaries engaged in foraging, larval care and grooming workers while fertile mated queens performed egg care and grooming queens. Aggressive interactions among coexisting queens were not observed.

Key words

Ponerinae Odontomachus polygyny queen reproduction polyethism 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Brandao, C. R., 1983. Sequential ethograms along colony development ofOdontomachus affinis Guerin (Hymenoptera: Formicidae, Ponerinae).Ins. Soc. 30:193–203.Google Scholar
  2. Brown, W. L., 1976. Contribution towards a reclassification of the Formicidae. part VI. Ponerinae, Tribe Ponerini, Subtribe Odontomachiti. Section A. Introduction, Subtribal characters. GenusOdontomachus.Studio Entomologica 19:67–171.Google Scholar
  3. Buschinger, A., 1968. Mono- und Polygynie bei Arten der GattungLeptothorax Mayr (Hymenoptera, Formicidae).Ins. Soc. 15:217–226.Google Scholar
  4. Colombel, R., 1970. Recherches sur l'éthologie et la biologie d'Odontomachus haematodes L. (Hymenoptera: Formicidae, Ponerinae). Etude des populations dans leur milieu naturel.Ins. Soc. 17:183–198.Google Scholar
  5. Colombel, P., 1972. Recherches sur l'éthologie et la biologie d'Odontomachus haematodes L. (Hymenoptera: Formicidae, Ponerinae). Biologie des ouvrières.Ins. Soc. 19:171–194.Google Scholar
  6. Heinze, J. and T. A. Smith, 1990. Dominance and fertility in a functionally monogynous ant.Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 27:1–10.Google Scholar
  7. Hamilton, W. D., 1972. Altruism and related phenomena, mainly in social insects.Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 3:193–232.Google Scholar
  8. Haskins, C. P. and E. F. Haskins, 1951. Notes on methods of colony foundation of the ponerine antAmblyopone australis Erichson.Am. Midland Nat. 45:432–455.Google Scholar
  9. Hölldobler, B. and E. O. Wilson, 1977. The number of queens: an important trait in ant evolution.Naturwissenschaften 64:8–15.Google Scholar
  10. Hölldobler, B. and E. O. Wilson, 1990.The Ants. Belknap Press of Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA. Ito, F., 1990. Functional monogyny ofLeptothorax acervorum in northern Japan.Psyche 97:203–211.Google Scholar
  11. Ito, F., 1993a. Functional monogyny and dominance hierarchy in the queenless ponerine antPachycondyla sp. in West Java, Indonesia.Ethology 98:126–140.Google Scholar
  12. Ito, F., 1993b. Social organization in a primitive ponerine ant: queenless reproduction, dominance hierarchy and functional polygyny inAmblyopone sp. (reclinata group) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Ponerinae).J. Nat. Hist. 27:1315–1324.Google Scholar
  13. Ito, F. and S. Higashi, 1991. A linear dominance hierarchy regulating reproduction and polyethism of the queenless antPachycondyla sublaevis.Naturwissenschaften 78:80–82.Google Scholar
  14. Ito, F. and K. Ohkawara, 1994. Spermatheca size differentiation between queens and workers in primitive ants: relationship with social structure of colonies.Naturwissenschaften 81:138–143.Google Scholar
  15. Keller, L., 1988. Evolutionary implications of polygyny in the Argentine ant,iridomyrmex humilis Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): an experimental study.Anim. Behav. 36:159–165.Google Scholar
  16. Keller, L., Passera, L. and J. P. Suzzoni, 1989. Queen excitation in the Argentine ant,Iridomyrmex humilis.Physiol. Entomol. 14:157–163.Google Scholar
  17. Ledoux, A., 1952. Recherches preliminaires sur quelques points de la biologie d'Odontomachus assiniensis Latr. (Hym. Formicidae).Ann. Sci. Nat., Zool. 11:231–248.Google Scholar
  18. Medeiros, F. N. S., L. S. Lopes, P. R. S. Moutinho, P. S. Oliveira and B. Hölldobler, 1992. Functional polygyny, agonistic interactions and reproductive dominance in the neotropical antOdontomachus chelifer (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Ponerine),Ethology 91:134–146.Google Scholar
  19. Oliveira, P. S. and B. Hölldobler, 1990. Dominance orders in the ponerine antPachycondyla apicalis (Hymenoptera, Formicidae).Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 27:385–393.Google Scholar
  20. Oliveira, P. S. and B. Hölldobler, 1991. Agonistic interactions and reproductive dominance inPachycondyla obsuricornis (Hymenoptera: Formicidae).Psyche 98:215–226.Google Scholar
  21. Peeters, C., 1987. The diversity of reproductive systems in ponerine ants. In:Chemistry and Biology of Social Insects (Eder, J. and H. Rembold, eds.) pp. 253–254. Verlag J. Peperny, München.Google Scholar
  22. Peeters, C., 1993. Monogyny and polygyny in ponerine ants with and without queens. In:Queen number and Sociality in Insects (Keller, L. ed.) Oxford Univ. Press, pp. 234–261.Google Scholar
  23. Peeters, C. and R. Crewe, 1985. Worker reproduction in the ponerine antOphthalmopone berthoudi — an alternative form of eusocial organization.Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 18:29–37.Google Scholar
  24. Rosengren, R. and P. Pamilo, 1983. The evolution of polygyny and polydomy in mound buildingFormcia ants.Acta. Ent. Fenn. 42:65–77.Google Scholar
  25. Ross, K. G., 1988. Differential reproduction in multiple-queen colonies of the fire antSolenopsis invicta (Hymenoptera: Formicidae).Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 23:341–355.Google Scholar
  26. Stille, M., Stille, B. and P. Douwes, 1991. Polygyny, relatedness and nest founding in the polygynous myrmicine antLeptothorax acervorum (Hymenoptera: Formicidae).Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 28:91–96.Google Scholar
  27. Villet, M. H., R. M. Crewe and F. D. Duncan, 1991. Evolutionary Irends in the reproductive biology of ponerine ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae).J. Nat. Hist. 25:1603–1610.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Ito
    • 1
  • N. R. Yusoff
    • 2
  • A. H. Idris
    • 2
  1. 1.Biological Laboratory, Faculty of EducationKagawa UniversityKagawaJapan
  2. 2.Department of Zoology, Faculty of ScienceUniversity of MalayaKuala LumpurMalaysia

Personalised recommendations