European Journal of Nuclear Medicine

, Volume 23, Issue 4, pp 414–421 | Cite as

Technetium-99m labelled hydrazinonicotinamido human non-specific polyclonal immunoglobulin G for detection of infectious foci: a comparison with two other technetium-labelled immunoglobulin preparations

  • Roland A. M. J. Claessens
  • Otto C. Boerman
  • Emile B. Koenders
  • Wim J. G. Oyen
  • Jos W. M. van der Meer
  • Frans H. M. Corstens
Original Article


Recently a new linker — hydrazinonicotinate (HYNIC) — was introduced for labelling of proteins and peptides with technetium-99m. HYNIC and other linkers have been used for labelling of human non-specific polyclonal immunoglobulin G (hIgG) with99mTc for the detection of infections. In this study we compared the tissue distribution of three different99mTc-hIgG preparations in groups of five Wistar rats with a focal intramuscular infection withStaphylococcus aureus. We compared99mTc-HYNIC-hIgG with99mTc-hIgG labelled via the so-called Schwarz method (reduction of disulphide bonds) and with the99mTc-labelled commercially available Technescan-HIG. Unlike the HYNIC linker, in the two other labelling methods free sulph-hydryl groups are involved in the binding of99mTc. High-performance liquid chromatography analysis of the labelled preparations and of plasma samples revealed aggregate or polymer formation in all three agents; this was least pronounced in the product labelled by means of the Schwarz method. The tested preparations did not show signs of degradation in vitro. The difference in linker chemistry was reflected in the tissue distribution. Thus the biodistribution of99mTc-HYNIC-hIgG was significantly different from the distribution of the two other preparations: abscess (1.4%±0.2%ID/g), muscle, liver, spleen, plasma, lung, bone marrow, and small intestine concentrations were higher at 24 h p.i.; kidney uptake (1.19%±0.08%ID/g) was significantly lower. The abscess-to-plasma and the abscess-to-muscle ratios (0.5 and 11, respectively), however, were in the same range for the three preparations tested. Quantitative analysis of the scintigraphs revealed that the total body clearance of99mTc-HYNIC-hIgG was significantly slower than for the other agents. The abscess uptake of99mTc-HYNIC-hIgG as a percentage of the remaining body activity was significantly higher. Based on its high abscess uptake, its low uptake in the kidneys and the high percentage of its abscess uptake in relation to the remaining body activity, we conclude that99mTc-HYNIC-hIgG seems superior to the two other preparations tested for the detection of infections.

Key words

Hydrazinonicotinamide Immunoglobulin G Infection Inflammation 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roland A. M. J. Claessens
    • 1
  • Otto C. Boerman
    • 1
  • Emile B. Koenders
    • 1
  • Wim J. G. Oyen
    • 1
  • Jos W. M. van der Meer
    • 1
  • Frans H. M. Corstens
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Nuclear MedicineUniversity Hospital NijmegenNijmegenThe Netherlands

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