Microchimica Acta

, Volume 125, Issue 1–4, pp 63–67 | Cite as

X-ray reflectivity investigations of glass surfaces produced by float and draw techniques

  • Olaf Anderson
  • Gerardo H. O. Daalderop
  • Klaus Bange
Original Papers

Abstract

Surfaces of soda-lime glass and borosilicate glass have been investigated by grazing incidence X-ray reflectivity (GIXR). Characteristic differences are obtained in dependence on the fabrication procedure, the composition and the cleaning procedure. Strong variation is recorded between the two soda-lime float glass surfaces while minor differences are analysed between the top and bottom side of borosilicate float glass. This is attributed to the reduced amount of tin diffused into the bottom side of the borosilicate glass surface. Different cleaning procedures generate characteristic changes on the glass surfaces which can be verified by GIXR. The results indicate that borosilicate float glass combines the merits of the good surface quality of float glass with the high chemical resistivity of borosilicate glass.

Key words

float glass cleaning X-Ray reflectivity 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Olaf Anderson
    • 1
  • Gerardo H. O. Daalderop
    • 2
  • Klaus Bange
    • 1
  1. 1.SCHOTT GlaswerkeMainzFederal Republic of Germany
  2. 2.Philips Analytical X-rayEA AlmeloThe Netherlands

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