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CHEMOECOLOGY

, Volume 4, Issue 2, pp 115–119 | Cite as

The olfactory response of the reindeer nose bot fly,Cephenemyia trompe (Oestridae), to components from interdigital pheromone gland and urine from the host reindeer,Rangifer tarandus

  • Bjørn Å. Tømmerås
  • Atle Wibe
  • Arne C. Nilssen
  • John R. Anderson
Article

Summary

The linked gas chromatographical/electroan-tennogram (GC/EAG) technique revealed that the parasitic reindeer nose bot fly is able to specifically sense components produced by the interdigital pheromone gland of reindeer. The head-space extraction technique, with Porapak Q as the collecting polymer, was used to trap pheromone gland and urine components used to assess fly responses. One component from reindeer urine also was a potent stimulus for the sensory neurons of the fly. These components can be important chemical signals to the flies for long distance orientation towards host animals. This is the first report on EAG in Oestridae.

Key words

endoparasite pheromone host attraction Diptera Cephenemyia trompe Rangifer tarandus 

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Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bjørn Å. Tømmerås
    • 1
  • Atle Wibe
    • 1
  • Arne C. Nilssen
    • 2
  • John R. Anderson
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of ZoologyUniversity of Trondheim — AVHDragvollNorway
  2. 2.Department of Zoology, Tromsø MuseumUniversity of TromsøTromsøNorway
  3. 3.Department of Entomological SciencesUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA

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