, Volume 7, Issue 1, pp 1–7 | Cite as

The two reindeer parasites,Hypoderma tarandi andCephenemyia trompe (Oestridae), have evolved similar olfactory receptor abilities to volatiles from their common host

  • Bjørn Å. Tømmerås
  • Arne C. Nilssen
  • Atle Wibe
Research papers


Using the linked gas chromatographical/electroantennogram (GC/EAG) technique it was revealed that the reindeer warble fly (H. tarandi) was specifically able to sense the same components from reindeer interdigital pheromone gland as the reindeer nose bot fly (C. trompe) another reindeer endoparasite. These two species belong to the same family (Oestridae), but different subfamilies, and the evolution towards an endoparasitic life cycle is thought to have been independent. The development of olfactory abilities to find reindeer from long distances is hypothesized to have taken place through convergent evolution or exists because of their common ancestry.

Key words

convergent evolution endoparasite host attraction Diptera Cephenemyia trompe Hypoderma tarandi Rangifer tarandus 


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Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bjørn Å. Tømmerås
    • 1
  • Arne C. Nilssen
    • 2
  • Atle Wibe
    • 3
  1. 1.Norwegian Institute for Nature ResearchTrondheimNorway
  2. 2.Department of Zoology, Tromsø MuseumUniversity of TromsøTromsøNorway
  3. 3.Department of ZoologyUniversity of Trondheim—AVHDragvollNorway

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