The use of angles and angular rates
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MIT's Lincoln Laboratory has developed a computer driven, rapidly slewing (≃4° s−1), electro-optical (≃3″ resolution) telescope. This enables the rapid measurement of angles and instantaneous angular rates for artificial satellites. The simultaneous acquisition of angles and angular rates constitutes a new initial orbit problem which has been solved. Three different methods of solution are presented including an exact, analytical one. Numerical tests on six widely different satellite orbits indicate that the topocentric distance can be determined to better than 1% (and usually as well as 0.1%) for most satellites after a 5–10 min observation interval.
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