Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology

, Volume 122, Issue 2, pp 74–77 | Cite as

Breast cancer sugery: a century after Halsted

  • Umberto Veronesi
  • Stefano Zurrida


In the early years of this century prevailing currents of medical opinion led to the imposition of surgery even more aggressive than the radical mastectomy proposed by Halsted to treat breast cancer. More recently breast conservation surgery has become established but is always flanked by additional local treatment, and often by systemic therapy. Studies conducted in Milan were the first to demonstrate that conservative surgery plus an adjuvant therapy such as radiotherapy is efficacious in treating small-size breast cancer. As the year 2000 approaches it has become clear that breast cancer is curable in a high proportion of cases and attention is turning to improving the aesthetic outcome of the surgery, and to investigating the biological and genetic factors that influence the disease.

Key words

Breast cancer Surgery Conservation 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Umberto Veronesi
    • 1
  • Stefano Zurrida
    • 1
  1. 1.Senology Division at the European Institute of OncologyMilanItaly

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