Increase of the chlorophyll fluorescence ratio F690/F735 during the autumnal chlorophyll breakdown
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The chlorophyll content and the fluorescence induction kinetics at two wavelengths (690 nm and 735 nm) have been measured in leaves of nine common broadleaf tree species during the autumnal chlorophyll breakdown. The ratio of the chlorophyll fluorescence maxima F690/F735 was determined at fluorescence maximum (fm) and at steady-state conditions (fs) by the laser-induced fluorescence emission using the two-wavelength fluorometer. The ratio F690/F735 increases with the leaf discolouring during the autumnal chlorophyll breakdown. The relationship between the chlorophyll content and the ratio F690/F735 can be expressed by a power function (curvilinear relationship) which is valid for all the species examined. In most cases the ratio F690/F735 measured in the upper leaf side is lower than that in the lower leaf side, but the trend is the same along the decreasing chlorophyll content. The ratio F690/F735 is always higher at maximum fluorescence than at steady-state fluorescence in the upper as well as lower leaf side and these values are well fitted in a linear correlation. This study confirms the usefulness of the ratio F690/F735 as a suitable non-destructive indicator of the in-vivo chlorophyll content, especially at medium and low chlorophyll content.
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