Auger-electron cascades, charge potential and microdosimetry of iodine-125
- Cite this article as:
- Booze, J., Paretzke, H.G., Pomplun, E. et al. Radiat Environ Biophys (1987) 26: 151. doi:10.1007/BF01211409
This paper is a contribution to the microdosimetry of I-125. It shows microdosimetric spectra of individual and average disintegrations of I-125 for various target sizes and gives evidence for the relative contributions of energy-deposition events of low and high LET. It further presents information on the relative efficiencies of Auger-electrons and multiple charges in terms of local energy deposition, e.g. to model targets of DNA, and discusses their radiobiological implications, e.g. the microdosimetric understanding of the different efficiencies of specific and random incorporations of I-125.
When I-125 is specifically incorporated into DNA, most of the energy deposition events are very large, e.g. above 40 keV/µm for a simulated target volume of 20 nm diameter, regardless of the number and energy of Auger electrons emitted. Therefore it is not necessary, for the discussion of the radiobiological implications, to distinguish between different classes of disintegrations.
For unspecific, homogeneous incorporation of I-125 somewhere into tissue, about 20% of the dose to critical targets of 25 nm diameter is made up by disintegrations that happen to occur within these targets. When assuming that other critical targets and target structures can be neglected, this part of the dose will be equally effective as in the case of specific incorporation of I-125 into such target models. In addition, there are the normal, low-LET radiation effects from the other, 80% large fraction of the dose. With this information, for the biological systems and end points for which a short section of the elemental chromatine fiber can be taken as the relevant critical target, it is shown that the expected D37 value for homogeneous unspecific incorporation of I-125 can be estimated when the D37 for specific incorporation in DNA is known.