AI & Society

, Volume 9, Issue 2–3, pp 273–285 | Cite as

Aesthetic design: Dialogue and learning. A case study of landscape architecture

  • Satinder P. Gill
Open Forum


In this paper the concept of knowledge in seen as embodying dialogue and learning in a shared practice. Sharing a practice involved sharing representations of practice. This necessitates the sharing of experiential knowledge at various levels and in various forms. It is proposed that participatory design can therefore be seen as consisting in dialogue and learning for the development of future practices and representations. The discussion in this paper is situated within the domain of landscape architecture. A study is made of their co-operative practices, which are evolved, in order to show the need for participatory embodied activity (whether expressed verbally or physically) in sharing practical knowledge (e.g. of aesthetic judgement).


Aesthetic judgement Aesthetic design Dialogue Distributed apprenticeship Embodied knowledge Learning Practice Participation Practical knowledge 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Brady, E.S. (1996). Imagination, Aesthetic Experience and Nature. InProceedings of the XIII International Congress of Aesthetics.Google Scholar
  2. Carlson, A. (1993). Aesthetics and Engagement. In theBritish Journal of Aesthetics, 33 (3)Google Scholar
  3. Cooley, M.J.E. (1987).Architect or Bee? The Human Price of Technology. Hogarth: LondonGoogle Scholar
  4. Diffey, T.J. (1995). A Note on Some Meanings of the Term Aesthetic. In theBritish Journal of Aesthetics, 35 (1)Google Scholar
  5. Ehn, P. (1988).Work Oriented Design of Computer Artifacts. Stockholm: Arbetslivs centrum, Stockholm.Google Scholar
  6. Gill, KS. (1990).Summary of Human Centred Systems Research in Europe. SEAKE Centre, Brighton University: Brighton.Google Scholar
  7. Gill, K.S. (Ed.). (1996).Human Machine Symbiosis. Springer-Verlag: London.Google Scholar
  8. Gill, S.P. (1988). On Two AI Traditions.AI & Society, 2 (4) Springer-Verlag.Google Scholar
  9. Gill, S.P. (1995).Dialogue and Tacit Knowledge for Knowledge Transfer. PhD Dissertation, University of Cambridge.Google Scholar
  10. Gill, S.P. (1996). Designing for Knowledge Transfer, In K.S. Gill (Ed.),Human Machine Symbiosis. Springer-Verlag: London.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Goodyear, P. and Steeples, C. (1993). Computer-mediated communication in the professional development of workers in the advanced learning technologies industry. InComputer Mediated Education of Information Technology Professional and Advanced End-User. Barta, Eccleston, Hambusch (Eds). Amsterdam: North Holland.Google Scholar
  12. Johannessen, K.S. (1981). Language, Art and Aesthetic Practice. In: Johannessen and Nordenstam (Eds.),Wittgenstein-Aesthetics and Transcendental Philosophy. Holder-Pichler-Temsky: Vienna.Google Scholar
  13. Jordan, B. (1995). Ethnographic Workplace Studies and CSCW. InGoogle Scholar
  14. Josefson, I. (1987). The Nurse as Engineer.AI & Society, 1:115–126.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Laessoe, J. and Rasmussen, L. (1989).Human-Centred Methods. Reproset Press: Copenhagen.Google Scholar
  16. Latour, B. (1990). Drawing things together. In Lynch, Woolgar, (Eds.),Representation in Scientific Practice. Kluwer.Google Scholar
  17. McNaughton, P. and Urry, J. (1997). (forthcoming). Sensing Nature. InContested Natures. Sage.Google Scholar
  18. Mogensen, P. (1995).Challenging Practice: An Approach to Cooperative Analysis. Aarhus University. Aarhus.Google Scholar
  19. Polanyi, M. (1958).Personal Knowledge: Towards a Post-Critical Phsilosophy. Routledge and Kegan Paul. London.Google Scholar
  20. Polanyi, M. (1966).The Tacit Dimension. Doubleday: NY.Google Scholar
  21. Scruton, R. (1996). Judging Architecture. In Palmer and Dodson (Eds.).Design and Aesthetics: a Reader. Routledge. London.Google Scholar
  22. Hughes, J., Shapiro, D., Sharrock, W., Harper, R., and Randall, D. (in press).Ordering the skies: the sociology of coordinated work. Routledge. London.Google Scholar
  23. Smith, P.F. (1987).Architecture and the Principle of Harmony. RIBA. London.Google Scholar
  24. Suchman, L.A. (1987).Plans and Situated Actions: the Problems of Human Machine Communication. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge.Google Scholar
  25. Wittgenstein, L. (1958).Philosophical Investigations. Blackwell. Oxford.Google Scholar
  26. Wittgenstein, L. (1966).Lectures and Conversations on Aesthetics, Psychology and Religious Belief. Blackwell. Oxford.Google Scholar
  27. Wittgenstein, L. (1977).Remarks on Colour. G.E.M. Anscombe (Ed.), Blackwell. Oxford.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Satinder P. Gill
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of SociologyLancaster UniversityLancasterUK

Personalised recommendations