International Journal of Biometeorology

, Volume 38, Issue 3, pp 137–140

Effect of hypoxia by intermittent altitude exposure on semen characteristics and testicular morphology of male rhesus monkeys

  • D. K. Saxena
Original Article


Semen characteristics and testicular morphology of rhesus monkeys were studied on exposure to a simulated high altitude of 4411 m for 21 days. There was a partially reversible decrease in the semen volume, sperm count and sperm motility, as well as an elevation of pH and fructose concentration. These changes were associated with degeneration of the germinal epithelium and spermatogenic arrest at the end of third week of exposure which had not recovered even 3 weeks after the exposure.

Key words

Hypoxia Testis Spermatogenesis Semen Sperm 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. K. Saxena
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhysiologyAll-India Institute of Medical SciencesNew DelhiIndia

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