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Space Science Reviews

, Volume 58, Issue 1, pp 259–346 | Cite as

The plasma physics of shock acceleration

  • Frank C. Jones
  • Donald C. Ellison
Articles

Abstract

The notion that plasma shocks in astrophysical settings can and do accelerate charged particles to high energies is not a new one. However, in recent years considerable progress has been achieved in understanding the role particle acceleration plays both in astrophysics and in the shock process itself. In this paper we briefly review the history and theory of shock acceleration, paying particular attention to theories of parallel shocks which include the backreaction of accelerated particles on the shock structure. We discuss in detail the work that computer simulations, both plasma and Monte Carlo, are playing in revealing how thermal ions interact with shocks and how particle acceleration appears to be an inevitable and necessary part of the basic plasma physics that governs collisionless shocks. We briefly describe some of the outstanding problems that still confront theorists and observers in this field.

Keywords

Computer Simulation Charged Particle Plasma Physics Particle Acceleration Considerable Progress 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frank C. Jones
    • 1
  • Donald C. Ellison
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratory for High Energy AstrophysicsNASA/Goddard Space Flight CenterGreenbeltUSA
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsNorth Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA

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