Cognitive Therapy and Research

, Volume 7, Issue 3, pp 265–272 | Cite as

Self-efficacy beliefs and tennis performance

  • Julian Barling
  • Mike Abel


Theoretical and methodological aspects of self-efficacy theory are assessed in this study, and the tennis performance of 40 active players (M age = 26.6 years) serves as the criterion variable. On a theoretical level, only self-efficacy beliefs, and not response-outcome expectations or the valence thereof, were consistently and significantly related to 12 dimensions of tennis performance. This phenomenon pertained to the relationship of the self-rating of performance as well as to the average of two judges' external ratings of performance and efficacy beliefs, even though the 12 behavioral criteria used were different from the items on the self-efficacy scale. Although Pearson correlations rather than microanalyses were computed to assess the relationship between self-efficacy and performance, the correlations were all positive and significant. Theoretical and empirical implications are suggested.


Cognitive Psychology Pearson Correlation Criterion Variable Active Player Methodological Aspect 
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Reference Notes

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Julian Barling
    • 1
  • Mike Abel
    • 1
  1. 1.School of PsychologyUniversity of the WitwatersrandJohannesburgSouth Africa

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