Potent odorants of the roasted powder and brew of Arabica coffee

  • Imre Blank
  • Alina Sen
  • Werner Grosch
Original Paper
  • 480 Downloads

Summary

Aroma extract dilution analysis (AEDA) revealed 13 compounds as important contributors to the aroma of roasted coffee (powder): 2-methyl-3-furanthiol (I), 2-furfurylthiol (II), methional (III), 3-mercapto-3-methylbutylformate (IV), 3-isopropyl-2-methoxypyrazine (V), 2-ethyl-3,5-dimethylpyrazine (VI), 2,3-diethyl-5-methylpyrazine (VII), 3-isobutyl-2-methoxy-pyrazine (VIII), 3-hydroxy-4,5-dimethyl-2(5H)-furanone (sotolon, IX), 4-ethylguaiacol (X), 5-ethyl-3-hydroxy-4-methyl-2(5H)-furanone (XI), 4-vinylguaiacol (XII), and (E)-β-damascenone (XIII). A comparative AEDA of the coffee powder and brew showed in the brew an increase of III, IX, vanillin and 4-hydroxy-2,5-dimethyl-3(2H)-furanone and a decrease of I, II, IV, V, VII, and VIII.

Intensive Geruchsstoffe von Röstkaffee und Röstkaffeeaufguß aus Arabica-Kaffee

Zusammenfassung

Die Aromaextrakt-Verdünnungsanalyse (AEVA) von Röstkaffee ergab 13 wichtige Geruchsstoffe: 2-Methyl-3-furanthiol (I), 2-Furfurylthiol (II), Methional (III), 3-Mercapto-3-methylbutylformiat (IV), 3-Isopropyl-2-methoxypyrazin (V), 2-Ethyl-3,5-dimethylpyrazin (VI), 2,3-Diethyl-5-methylpyrazin (VII), 3-Isobutyl-2-methoxypyrazin (VIII), 3-Hydroxy-4,5-dimethyl-2(5H)-furanon (Sotolon, IX), 4-Vinylguajacol (XII) und (E)-β-Damascenon (XIII). Die vergleichende AEVA von Röstkaffee und daraus hergestelltem Aufguß zeigte im Aufguß eine Zunahme von III, IX, Vanillin und 4-Hydroxy-2,5-dimethyl-3(2H)-furanon und eine Abnahme von I, II, IV, V, VII und VIII.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Imre Blank
    • 1
  • Alina Sen
    • 1
  • Werner Grosch
    • 1
  1. 1.Deutsche Forschungsanstalt für LebensmittelchemieGarchingFederal Republic of Germany
  2. 2.Nestlé Research CentreLausanne 26Switzerland
  3. 3.EPOMünchen 2Federal Republic of Germany

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