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Engineering with Computers

, Volume 14, Issue 1, pp 14–22 | Cite as

Self-intersections of offsets of quadratic surfaces: Part II, implicit surfaces

  • Takashi Maekawa
Article

Abstract

The paper investigates self-intersections of offsets of implicit quadratic surfaces. The quadratic surfaces are the simplest curved objects, referred to as quadrics, and are widely used in mechanical design. In an earlier paper, we have investigated the self-intersections of offsets of explicit quadratic surfaces, such as elliptic paraboloid, hyperbolic paraboloid and parabolic cylinder, since not only are they used in mechanical design, but also any regular surface can be locally approximated by such explicit quadratic surfaces. In this paper, we investigate the rest of the quadrics whose offsets may degenerate, i.e. the implicit quadratic-surfaces (ellipsoid, hyperboloid, elliptic cone, elliptic cylinder and hyperbolic cylinder). We found that self-intersection curves of offsets of all the implicit quadratic surfaces are planar implicit conics and their corresponding curve on the progenitor surface can be expressed as the intersection curve between an ellipsoid, whose semi-axes are proportional to the offset distance, and the implicit quadratic surfaces themselves.

Keywords

NC machining Offset surfaces Self-intersections Trimmed offset 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Takashi Maekawa
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Ocean EngineeringMassachusetts Institute of Technology, Design LaboratoryCambridgeUSA

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