Neuroscience and Behavioral Physiology

, Volume 18, Issue 1, pp 38–43 | Cite as

Influence of the genotype on the formation of aggressive and submissive behavior in mice

  • N. N. Kudryavtseva
  • A. P. Sitnikov


  1. 1.

    The structure both of aggressive and of submissive behavior, developing as a result of agonistic interaction, is hereditarily determined and differs in mice of different strains.

  2. 2.

    Prolonged experience of victory and defeat, promoting the formation of stereotypes of aggressive and submissive behavior, leads to a genetically determined change in the original characteristics of agonistic behavior.

  3. 3.

    In submissive animals of different strains, different mechanisms of inhibition of the manifestations of aggressiveness of the partners attacking them may develop.



Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature cited

  1. 1.
    A. V. Kulikov and V. S. Makarenko, “Semiautomatic measurement of the intensity of aggressive behavior in mice,” Zh. Vyssh. Nervn. Deyat.,30, No. 4 (1980).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    A. V. Kulikov and N. K. Popova, “Study of the genetic control of “spontaneous” agressiveness of mice,” Genetika,16, No. 3, 526 (1980).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    K. I. Kh. Lagerspetts and K. M. D. Lagerspetts, “The use of a selection method for studying the mechanisms of behavior,” in: Urgent Problems of Behavioral Genetics [in Russian], Nauka, Leningrad (1975), p. 120.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    G. F. Lakin, Biometry [in Russian], Vysshaya Shkola, Moscow (1980).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    V. P. Poshivalov, “Pharmacological analysis of the aggressive behavior of mice induced by isolation,” Zh. Vyssh. Nervn. Deyat.,24, No. 5, 1079 (1974).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    P. F. Brain, D. Benton, G. Childs, and S. Parmigiani, “The effect of the type of opponent in tests of murine aggression,” Behav. Proc.,6, No. A, 319 (1981).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    B. E. Elefteriou, D. Bailey, and V. H. Denenberg, “Genetic analysis of fighting behavior in mice,” Physiol. Behav.,13, No. 6, 773 (1974).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    H. R. Frischnecht, B. Siegfried, and P. G. Waser, “Learning of submissive behavior in mice: A new model,” Behav. Proc.,7, No. 3, 235 (1982).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    V. E. Grimm, “The role of submissiveness in isolation induced intermale fighting in mice,” Int. J. Neurosci.,11, No. 2, 115 (1980).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    R. B. Jones and N. W. Novell, “Effects of clean and soiled sawdust substrates and of different urine types upon aggressive behavior in male mice,” Aggress. Behav.,1, No. 1, 111 (1975).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    S. Kessler, E. K. Orenberg, G. R. Elliot, and J. D. Barchas, “A genetic analysis of aggressive behavior in two strains of mice,” Behav. Genet.,7, No. 4, 313 (1977).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    K. M. J. Lagerspetz, “Aggression and aggressiveness in laboratory mice,” in: Aggressive Behavior, S. Garattini and E. B. Sigg, eds., Excerpta Med., Amsterdam (1969).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    K. M. J. Lagerspetz and K. Y. H. Lagerspetz, “Changes in aggressiveness of mice resulting from selective breeding, learning and social isolation,” Scand. J. Psychol.,12, No. 3, 241 (1971).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    L. Levine, J. Grossfield, and R. F. Rockwell, “Functional relationships between genotypes and environments in behavior. Effects of different kinds of early experience on interstrain fighting in male mice,” J. Hered.,79, No. 3, 317 (1979).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    J. H. Mackintosh and E. C. Grant, “The effect of olfactory stimuli on the aggressive behavior of laboratory mice,” Z. Tierpsychol.,23, No. 6, 548 (1966).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    K. E. Moyer, “Kinds of aggression and their physiological basis,” Commun. Behav. Biol.,2, No. 1, 65 (1968).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    R. A. Mugford and N. W. Nowell, “Pheromones and their affect on aggression in mice,” Nature,226, No. 5249, 967 (1970).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    B. Siegfried, E. Alleva, A. Oliverio, and S. Puglisi-Allegra, “Effects of isolation on activity, reactivity, excitability and aggressive behavior in 2 inbred strains of mice,” Behav. Brain. Res.,2, No. 2, 211 (1981).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    C. H. Southwick, “Effect of maternal environment on aggressive behavior in inbred mice,” Commun. Behav. Biol.,1, No. 2, 129 (1968).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    L. Valzelly, “The isolation syndrome” in mice,” Psychopharmacologia,31, No. 3, 305 (1973).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. N. Kudryavtseva
    • 1
  • A. P. Sitnikov
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of the Phenogenetics of Behavior, Institute of Cytology and GeneticsSiberian Branch of the Academy of Sciences of the USSRNovosibirsk

Personalised recommendations