Cognitive Therapy and Research

, Volume 11, Issue 3, pp 327–336 | Cite as

The efficacy of “psyching” strategies on a weight-lifting task

  • L. Lee Tynes
  • Robert M. McFatter


Experienced weight lifters (N = 36) executed a weight-lifting task under each of four mental preparation conditions as well as two control conditions. The study employed a counterbalanced 4 ×4 Latin square design, and the four mental preparation, or “psyching,” conditions included self-efficacy, attentional focus, imagery, and preparatory arousal. Results indicated that subjects performed significantly better when allowed to engage in mental preparation than when engaging in cognitive distraction. In addition, the preparatory arousal condition was associated with significant improvement in performance over the control conditions. Preparatory arousal was also significantly more effective than the other three psyching strategies. These findings were interpreted as evidence that preparatory arousal cognitive preparation strategies (possibly in conjunction with other strategies) may be the most effective in facilitating maximum performance in experienced athletes executing a weight-lifting task.

Key words

psyching strategy self-efficacy attentional focus imagery preparatory arousal 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. Lee Tynes
    • 1
  • Robert M. McFatter
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Southwestern LouisianaUSA

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