Theoretical and Applied Genetics

, Volume 79, Issue 3, pp 353–359 | Cite as

The effects of promoter on transient expression in conifer cell lines

  • F. Bekkaoui
  • R. S. S. Datla
  • M. Pilon
  • T. E. Tautorus
  • W. L. Crosby
  • D. I. Dunstan


Protoplasts from suspension cultures of somatic embryos of white spruce (Picea glauca Moench Voss) were electroporated with plasmids containing the chimeric genes for chloramphenicol acetyl transferase (CAT) or β-glucuronidase (GUS), under control of one of three promoters. Transient CAT gene expression of approximately equal magnitude resulted when the CAT gene was fused to either the cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) 35S promoter or the nopaline synthase (NOS) promoter. When the CAT gene was fused to a tandem repeat CaMV 35S promoter (pPBI-363), CAT enzyme activity compared to NOS or 35S promoters increased up to eightfold (cell line WS-34), and were up to 100-fold greater than control (electroporated without plasmid). Comparatively, protoplasts of black spruce (Picea mariana Mill) and jack pine (Pinus banksiana Lamb.), electroporated with pPBI-363, produced increases in CAT activity compared to control of 90-fold and 70-fold, respectively. White spruce (WS-34) protoplasts were subsequently electroporated with the GUS gene fused to the tandem repeat CaMV 35S promoter. Comparatively, GUS enzyme activity increased up to tenfold compared to GUS fused to a CaMV 35S promoter. The results indicated that transient expression of the CAT and GUS genes was influenced by the type of promoter and cell line used, as well as by electroporation conditions.

Key words

Conifer Electroporation Promoter CAT GUS 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Bekkaoui
    • 1
  • R. S. S. Datla
    • 1
  • M. Pilon
    • 2
  • T. E. Tautorus
    • 1
  • W. L. Crosby
    • 1
  • D. I. Dunstan
    • 1
  1. 1.Plant Biotechnology InstituteSaskatoonCanada
  2. 2.Unit for Applied Cell and Molecular BiologyUniversity of UmeáUmeáSweden

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