Cognitive Therapy and Research

, Volume 9, Issue 1, pp 105–113 | Cite as

Problem-solving self-appraisal, depression, and Attributional Style: Are they related?

  • P. Paul Heppner
  • Ann Baumgardner
  • Jamie Jackson


Whereas previous research linking problem solving and depression has focused on problem-solving skills related to laboratory tasks, the relationship between higher-order cognitive variables such as an appraisal of one's general problem-solving skills and depression has not been addressed. Likewise, while attributions of one's behavior have been linked to depression, it is unclear if attributions are related to problem-solving appraisal. The present study examined both of these research problems. Self-appraised effective or ineffective problem-solvers completed the following: Beck Depression Inventory, Feelings and Concerns Survey, Attributional Style Questionnaire, and Mooney Problem Checklist. Results indicated that (a) assessment of one's problem-solving skills are related to the number of personal problems reported, and to ratings of short- and long-term depression; (b) assessment of one's problem-solving skills do not seem to be linearly related to attributional style; and (c) attributional style is not linearly related to depression. Results are discussed in terms of real-life problem-solving processes and a more complex model of depression.


Depression Cognitive Psychology Complex Model Beck Depression Inventory Research Problem 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Paul Heppner
    • 1
  • Ann Baumgardner
    • 1
  • Jamie Jackson
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Missouri — ColumbiaColumbiaUSA

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