Cognitive Therapy and Research

, Volume 9, Issue 1, pp 1–17

Cognitive structures, cognitive processes, and cognitive-behavior modification: I. client issues

  • Dennis C. Turk
  • Peter Salovey

DOI: 10.1007/BF01178747

Cite this article as:
Turk, D.C. & Salovey, P. Cogn Ther Res (1985) 9: 1. doi:10.1007/BF01178747


Experimental research on cognitive structures and cognitive processes has important implications for the practice of cognitive-behavior modification. The concept of schemata, knowledge structures that guide cognitive processing, is introduced. Self-schemata, particularly important in the maintenance of maladaptive behavior patterns, are described and related to the construct of self-efficacy. Following this discussion, various cognitive processes, particularly shortcomings in human judgment arising from these cognitive structures (e.g., selective attention, confirmatory biases, egocentric biases, availability and representativeness heuristics, and illusory correlation) are presented. Similarly, research on the interaction of affect and cognition as well as research on metacognition is noted.

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dennis C. Turk
    • 1
  • Peter Salovey
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyYale UniversityNew HavenUSA

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