Advertisement

Naturwissenschaften

, Volume 80, Issue 5, pp 195–208 | Cite as

Lemuren Madagaskars

Tests zur Evolution von Primatengemeinschaften
  • Jörg U. Ganzhorn
  • Peter M. Kappeler
Article

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Rabinowitz, P. D., Coffin, M. F., Falvey, D.: Science220, 67 (1983)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    IUCN/UNEP/WWF: Madagascar, an environmental profile (M. D. Jenkins, ed.). Gland: IUCN 1987Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Leigh, E. G., in: L'équilibre des écosystèmes forestiers à Madagascar, p. 155 (L. Rakotovao, V. Barre, J. Sayer, eds.). Gland: IUCN 1988Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Terborgh, J.: Diversity and the Tropical Rain Forest. New York: Scientific American Library 1992Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Rauh, W., in: Madagaskar: Mensch und Natur im Konflikt, p. 31 (A. Bittner, Hrsg.). Basel: Birkhäuser 1992Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Burney, D. A.: Palaeoecol. Africa18, 357 (1987)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Petter, J. J., Albignac, R., Rumpler, Y.: Faune de Madagascar 44: Mammifères Lémuriens (Primates Prosimien). Paris: ORSTOM and CNRS 1977Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Tattersall, I.: The Primates of Madagascar. New York: Columbia 1982Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Harcourt, C. S., Thornback, J.: Lemurs of Madagascar and the Comoros. Gland: IUCN Red Rata Book 1990Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Richard, A. F., Dewar, R. E.: Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst.22, 145 (1991)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Terborgh, J., van Schaik, C. P., in: Organization of Communities, p. 205 (J. H. R. Gee, P. S. Giller, eds.). Oxford: Blackwell 1987Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Nicoll, M. E., Langrand, O.: Madagascar: Revue de la conservation et des aires protégées. Gland: WWF 1989Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Oates, J. F., et al.: Ecology71, 328 (1990)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Wright, P. C.: Evol. Anthropol.1, 25 (1992)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Ganzhorn, J. U.: Oecologia91, 540 (1992)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Read, A. F., Harvey, P. H.: J. Zool.219, 329 (1989)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Kappeler, P. M.: Fol. Primatol.57, 132 (1991)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Müller, E. F.: Bonn. zool. Beitr.34, 29 (1983)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Müller, E. F.: Comp. Biochem. Physiol. A81, 707 (1985)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Rasmussen, D. T., Izard, M. K.: Am. J. Phys. Anthropol.75, 357 (1988)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Jolly, A.: Lemur Behavior. Chicago: Univ. Chicago Press 1966Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Charles-Dominique, P., et al. (eds.): Nocturnal Malagasy Primates. New York: Academic Press 1980Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Rasmussen, D. T.: Int. J. Primatol.6, 501 (1985)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Jolly, A., in: Female Primates: Studies by Woman Primatologists, p. 197 (M. F. Small, ed.). New York: Liss 1984Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Pereira, M. E.: Phys. Behav.49, 47 (1991)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    van Horn, R. N., Eaton, G. G., in: The Study of Prosimian Behavior, p. 79 (G. A. Doyle, R. D. Martin, eds.). New York: Academic Press 1979Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Foerg, R.: Fol. Primatol.38, 108 (1982)Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Morland, H. S.: Am. J. Primatol.20, 253 (1990)Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Kappeler, P M.: Ph.D. thesis, Duke Univ. 1992Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Martin, R. D., MacLarnon, A. M.: Syrup. Zool. Soc. Lond.60, 39 (1988)Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Young, A. L., Richard, A. F., Aiello, L. C.: Am. Nat.135, 473 (1990)Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Richard, A. F., Rakotomanga, P., Schwartz, M.: Am. J. Phys. Anthropol.84, 307 (1991)Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Sussman, R. W.: ibid.84, 43 (1991)Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Linsenmair, K. E.: Verb. dtsch. zool. Ges.83, 245 (1990)Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Remmert, H.: The Mosaic-Cycle Concept of Ecosystems. Berlin-Heidelberg: Springer 1991Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Starck, D.: Sitzungsber. wiss. Ges. J. W Goethe Univ. Frankfurt XI (1974)Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Ganzhorn, J. U., Bittner, A., in: Madagaskar: Mensch und Natur im Konflikt, p. 55 (A. Bittner, Hrsg.). Basel: Birkhäuser 1992Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Ganzhorn, J. U., in: Proc. 14th Int. Primatol. Congr. (J. R. Anderson, N. Herrenschmidt, J. J. Roeder, B. Thierry, eds.) (in press)Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Albrecht, G. H., Jenkins, P. D., Godfrey, L. R.: Am. J. Primatol.22, 1 (1990)Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Ganzhorn, J. U.: Oecologia75, 436 (1988)Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Glander, K. E., et al.: Am. J. Primatol.19, 119 (1989)Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Ganzhorn, J. U., in: Lemur Social Systems and their Ecological Basis (P. M. Kappeler, J. U. Ganzhorn, eds.). New York: Plenum (in press)Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Waterman, P. G., et al.: Biol. J. Linn. Soc.34, 1 (1988)Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Hladik, C. M., in: The Ecology of Arboreal Folivores, p. 373 (G. G. Montgomery, ed.). Washington: Smithsonian 1978Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    Remmert, H.: Verh. dtsch. zool. Ges.69, 29 (1977)Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    Ganzhorn, J. U.: Oecologia79, 279 (1989)Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    Tattersall, I.: Fol. Primatol.49, 200 (1987)Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    Engqvist, A., Richard, A. F.: ibid.57, 169 (1991)Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    Erkert, H. G.: Zoo Biol.8, 179 (1989)Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    Meier, B., in: Lemuren im Zoo, p. 165 (V. Ceska, H.-U. Hoffmann, K.-H. Winkelsräter, Hrsg.). Berlin: Parey 1992Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    Meier, B. Albignac, R.: Fol. Primatol.56, 57 (1991)Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    Briand, F., Cohen, J. E.: Nature307, 264 (1984)Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    Terborgh, J., Janson, C. H.: Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst.17, 111 (1986)Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    Trivers, R. L., in: Sexual Selection and the Descent of Man, p. 136 (B. Campbell, ed.). Chicago: Aldine 1972Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    van Schaik, C. P., in: Comparative Socioecology, p. 195 (V. Standen, R. Foley, eds.). Oxford: Blackwell 1989Google Scholar
  56. 56.
    van Schaik, C. P., Dunbar, R. I. M.: Behaviour115, 30 (1990)Google Scholar
  57. 57.
    Clutton-Brock, T. H.: Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B.236, 339 (1989)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    Overdorff, D.: Am. J. Primatol.16, 143 (1988)Google Scholar
  59. 59.
    Wilson, J. M., et al.: Fol. Primatol.52, 1 (1989)Google Scholar
  60. 60.
    Morland, H. S.: ibid.56, 157 (1991)Google Scholar
  61. 61.
    van Schaik, C. P, Kappeler, P M., in: Lemur Social Systems and their Ecological Basis (P M. Kappeler, J. U. Ganzhorn, eds.). New York: Plenum (in press)Google Scholar
  62. 62.
    Macedonia, J. M.: Ethology86, 177 (1990)Google Scholar
  63. 63.
    Schilling, A., in: The Study of Prosimian Behavior, p. 461 (G. A. Doyle, R. D. Martin, eds.). New York: Academic Press 1979Google Scholar
  64. 64.
    Wrangham, R. W.: Behaviour75, 262 (1980)Google Scholar
  65. 65.
    Walters, J. R., Seyfarth, R. M., in: Primate Societies, p. 306 (B. B. Smuts et al., eds.). Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press 1987Google Scholar
  66. 66.
    Taylor, L. L.: Ph.D. thesis, Washington Univ. 1986Google Scholar
  67. 67.
    Koyama, N.: Primates29, 163 (1988)Google Scholar
  68. 68.
    Pereira, M. E., in: Juvenile Primates: Life History, Development, and Behavior (M. E. Pereira, L. A. Fairbanks, eds.). New York: Oxford Univ. Press 1992Google Scholar
  69. 69.
    Kappeler, P M.: Ethology (in press)Google Scholar
  70. 70.
    Vick, L. G., Pereira, M. E.: Behav Ecol. Sociobiol.25, 3 (1989)Google Scholar
  71. 71.
    de Waal, F. B. M.: Peacemaking Among Primates. Cambridge: Harvard Univ. Press 1989Google Scholar
  72. 72.
    Kappeler, P. M., van Schaik, C. P.: Ethology92, 51 (1992)Google Scholar
  73. 73.
    Cords, M.: Anim. Behav44, 57 (1992)Google Scholar
  74. 74.
    Aureli, F., van Schaik, C. P.: Ethology89, 101 (1992)Google Scholar
  75. 75.
    Aureli, F., van Schaik, C. P., van Hooff, J. A. R. A. M.: Am. J. Primatol.19, 39 (1989)Google Scholar
  76. 76.
    Kappeler, P M.: Anim. Behav (in press)Google Scholar
  77. 77.
    Overdorff, D.: Ph.D. thesis, Duke Univ. 1991Google Scholar
  78. 78.
    Sauther, M. L.: Am. J. Phys. Anthropol.84, 463 (1991)Google Scholar
  79. 79.
    Gould, L.: Fol. Primatol.58, 72 (1992)Google Scholar
  80. 80.
    Pereira, M. E., et al.: ibid.55, 96 (1990)Google Scholar
  81. 81.
    Kappeler, P M., in: Perspectives in Ethology, Vol. 10 (P. P. G. Bateson, P. H. Klopfer, N. S. Thompson, eds.). New York: Plenum (in press)Google Scholar
  82. 82.
    Kappeler, P. M.: Fol. Primatol.55, 92 (1990)Google Scholar
  83. 83.
    Pollock, J. I.: ibid.31, 143 (1979)Google Scholar
  84. 84.
    Kaufman, R.: ibid.57, 39 (1991)Google Scholar
  85. 85.
    Darwin, C.: The Descent of Man and Selection in Relation to Sex. London: Murray 1871Google Scholar
  86. 86.
    Clutton-Brock, T. H., in: The Development and Integration of Behaviour, p. 229 (P. P. G. Bateson, ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press 1991Google Scholar
  87. 87.
    Godfrey, L. L., Lyon, S. K., Sutherland, M. R.: Am. J. Phys. Anthropol.90, 315 (1993)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  88. 88.
    Rensch, B.: Bonn. zool. Beitr.1, 58 (1950)Google Scholar
  89. 89.
    Kappeler, P. M.: Am. J. Primatol.21, 201 (1990)Google Scholar
  90. 90.
    Promislow, D. E. L.: Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B.247, 203 (1992)Google Scholar
  91. 91.
    Plavcan, J. M., van Schaik, C. P.: Am. J. Phys. Anthropol.87, 461 (1992)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  92. 92.
    Kay, R. F., et al.: ibid.77, 385 (1988)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  93. 93.
    Kappeler, P. M., in: Lemur Social System and their Ecological Basis (P. M. Kappeler, J. U. Ganzhorn, eds.). New York: Plenum (in press)Google Scholar
  94. 94.
    Kirkpatrick, M.: Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst.18, 43 (1987)Google Scholar
  95. 95.
    Curtsinger, J. W.: Am. Nat.138, 93 (1991)Google Scholar
  96. 96.
    Harcourt, A. H., et al.: Nature293, 55 (1981)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  97. 97.
    Birkhead, T. R., Hunter, F. M.: Trends Ecol. Evol.5, 48 (1990)Google Scholar
  98. 98.
    Harvey, P. H., Harcourt, A. H., in: Sperm Competition and the Evolution of Animal Mating Systems, p. 589 (R. L. Smith, ed.). New York: Academic Press 1984Google Scholar
  99. 99.
    Rakotonirina: Fiche Technique 9. Morondava: CFPF 1985Google Scholar
  100. 100.
    Rohner, U., Sorg, J.-P: Fiches Techniques 12, 13. Morondava: CFPF 1986/87Google Scholar
  101. 101.
    Meyers, D., Wright, P C., in: Lemur Social Systems and their Ecological Basis (P M. Kappeler, J. U. Ganzhorn, eds.). New York: Plenum (in press)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jörg U. Ganzhorn
    • 1
  • Peter M. Kappeler
    • 2
  1. 1.Abteilung Verhaltensphysiologie der UniversitätTübingenFRG
  2. 2.Dept. ZoologyDuke UniversityDurhamUSA

Personalised recommendations