Depression in children and adolescents: Assessment issues and recommendations
- Cite this article as:
- Kendall, P.C., Cantwell, D.P. & Kazdin, A.E. Cogn Ther Res (1989) 13: 109. doi:10.1007/BF01173268
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Energized by renewed research and clinical activities, the current status of assessments of child and adolescent depression merits review. With a multidisciplinary perspective, the present review considers levels of depression, diagnostic criteria, classification systems, and the relationship of childhood/adolescent depression to adult depression. Methods for the measurement of child and adolescent depression are described and evaluated: child self-report, peer nominations, ratings by significant others, measures of overt behavior, physiological measures, projectives, and measures of constructs related to depression (e.g., self-esteem). The use of children as the source of assessment data, the degree of convergence across measures, and problems in discriminant validity are identified as pertinent assessment issues. Recommendations include use of measures with established norms, cut scores, multiple assessment methods and periods, and multiple gating.