Cognitive Therapy and Research

, Volume 9, Issue 4, pp 471–478 | Cite as

Stress-management interventions: A 15-month follow-up of aerobic conditioning and stress inoculation training

  • Bonita C. Long


This report presents findings from a 15-month follow-up of a study that compared the effectiveness of aerobic conditioning (i.e., jogging) and stress inoculation training in the reduction of anxiety for chronically stressed community residents (N =61). At this follow-up, both interventions led to continued reports of significantly less anxiety and greater self-efficacy. The superior treatment effects of stress inoculation in modifying inner dialogue, increasing positive self-statements, and decreasing negative self-statements were maintained. In addition, subjects experiencing stress predominantly as cognitive anxiety either maintained or increased their anxiety from post to follow-up, while somatic subjects continued to reduce their anxiety level. This held regardless of treatment condition. Since only 40% of the jogging group were still jogging at follow-up, the long-term maintenance of therapeutic gain with aerobic conditioning warrants further investigation.


Treatment Effect Cognitive Psychology Treatment Condition Anxiety Level Community Resident 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bonita C. Long
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Recreation and Leisure StudiesUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada

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