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Acta Mechanica

, Volume 127, Issue 1–4, pp 193–207 | Cite as

Model equations for nonlinear dispersive waves in a compressible Mooney-Rivlin rod

  • H. -H. Dai
Original Papers

Summary

In this paper, we study nonlinear axisymmetric waves in a circular cylindrical rod composed of a compressible Mooney-Rivlin material. The aim is to derive simplified model equations in the far field which include both nonlinearity and dispersion. We consider disturbances in an initially pre-stressed rod. For long finite-amplitude waves, the Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation arises as the model equation. However, in a critical case, the coefficient of the dispersive term in the KdV equation vanishes. As a result, the dispersion cannot balance the nonlinearity. On the other hand, the latter has the tendency to make the wave profile steeper and steeper. The attention is then focused on finite-length and finite-amplitude waves. A new nonlinear dispersive equation which includes extra nonlinear terms involving second-order and third-order derivatives is derived as the model equation. In the case that the rod is composed of a compressible neo-Hookean material, that equation is further reduced to the Benjamin-Bona-Mahony (BBM) equation, which is known as an alternative to the KdV equation for modelling long finite-amplitude waves. To the author's knowledge, it is the first time that the BBM equation is found to arise as a model equation for finite-length and finite-amplitude waves.

Keywords

Model Equation Dispersive Wave Wave Profile Dispersive Term Axisymmetric Wave 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. -H. Dai
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of MathematicsCity University of Hong KongKowloonHong Kong

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