Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 22, Issue 2, pp 381–393 | Cite as

Parameters determining the strength and toughness of particulate filled epoxide resins

  • A. C. Moloney
  • H. H. Kausch
  • T. Kaiser
  • H. R. Beer


The effects of such parameters as the filler volume fraction, particle size, aspect ratio, modulus and strength of filler, resin-filler adhesion and toughness of the matrix on the stiffness, strength and toughness of particulate filled epoxide resins have been evaluated. The mechanisms of deformation and rupture in these multiphase materials are discussed, illustrated byin situ mechanical tests in the scanning electron microscope.


Stress Intensity Factor Epoxide Glass Bead Rubber Particle Plastic Zone Size 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    L. J. Broutman andS. Sahu,Mater. Eng. Sci.8 (1971) 98.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    S. J. Feltham, B. Yates andR. J. Martin,J. Mater. Sci.17 (1982) 2309.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    M. Narkis,J. Appl. Polym. Sci.22 (1978) 2391.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    J. A. Manson andL. H. Sperling, in “Polymer Blends and Composites” (Plenum, New York, 1976) Ch. 12.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    O. Ishai andL. J. Cohen,Int. J. Mech. Sci.9 (1967) 539.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    A. C. Moloney, H. H. Kausch andH. R. Stieger,J. Mater. Sci.18 (1983) 208.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    J. Spandoukis andR. J. Young,ibid.19 (1984) 487.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Idem., ibid.19 (1984) 473.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    P. S. Theocaris,Fibre Sci. Technol.19 (1983) 157.CrossRefMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    A. Kelly,Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond.A319 (1970) 95.ADSGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    G. A. Cooper, andA. Kelly, in Proceedings of the International Conference on Mechanics Composite Materials, edited by F. W. Wendt (Pergamon, 1967).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    P. Hancock andR. C. Cuthertson,J. Mater. Sci.5 (1970) 762.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    A. C. Moloney, H. H. Kausch andH. R. Stieger,ibid.19 (1984) 1125.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    A. J. Kinloch andR. J. Young, “Fracture Behaviour of Polymers” (Applied Science Publishers, London, 1983) Ch. 11.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    D. L. Maxwell, R. J. Young andA. J. Kinloch,J. Mater. Sci. Lett.3 (1984) 9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    A. J. Kinloch, D. L. Maxwell andR. J. Young,J. Mater. Sci. Lett.4 (1985) 1276.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    R. A. Pearson andA. F. Yee,Polym. Mater. Sci. Eng.49 (1983) 316.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    A. C. Moloney andH. H. Kausch,J. Mater. Sci. Lett.4 (1985) 289.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    S. Bandyopadhyay, V. M. Silva, H. Wrobel andJ. Nicholls, in Proceedings of the 6th International Conference Def. Yield & Fracture of Polymers, Plastics and Rubber Institute, Cambridge, April 1985.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    N. Sato, T. Kurauchi, S. Sato andO. Kamigaito,J. Mater. Sci.21 (1986) 1005.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    S. Yamini andR. J. Young,Polymer18 (1977) 1075.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Idem, J. Mater. Sci.15 (1980) 1823.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    A. J. Kinloch andJ. G. Williams,ibid.15 (1980) 987.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    A. F. Yee andR. A. Pearson, “Toughening mechanisms in elastomer modified epoxy resins”, Part I., (NASA Report 3718, 1983).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    A. J. Kinloch, S. J. Shaw, D. A. Tod andD. L. Hunston,Polymer24 (1983) 1341.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    W. D. Bascom, D. J. Boll, D. J. Fuller andP. J. Phillips,J. Mater. Sci.20 (1985) 3184.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    R. J. Morgan andJ. E. O'Neal,ibid.12 (1977) 1966.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    A. Van Den Boogaart, “Physical Basis of Yield in Glassy Polymers”, edited by R. N. Haward (Institute of Physics, London, 1966).Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    F. F. Lange,Phil. Mag.22/179 (1970) 983.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    A. G. Evans,ibid.26 (1972) 1327.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    D. J. Green, P. S. Nicholson andJ. D. Embery,J. Mater. Sci.14 (1979) 1657.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    A. J. Kinloch, D. L. Maxwell andR. J. Young,ibid.20 (1985) 4169.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    A. B. Owen,ibid.14 (1979) 2523.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    K. B. Su andN. P. Suh,Soc. Plastics Eng.27 (1981) 46.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    K. T. Faber andA. G. Evans,Acta Metall.31(4) (1983) 565.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    S. Kunz-Douglas, P. W. R. Beaumont andM. F. Ashby,J. Mater. Sci.15 (1980) 1109.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    C. B. Bucknall,Adv. Polym. Sci.27 (1978) 121.Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    J. N. Sultan, R. C. Laible andF. J. McGarry,Appl. Polym. Symp.16 (1971) 127.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    K. C. Radford,J. Mater. Sci.6 (1971) 1286.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    R. P. Kambour andE. A. Farraye, in Proceedings of the 6th International Conference Def. Yield Fract. of Polymers, Cambridge, April 1985.Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    F. F. Lange andK. C. Radford,J. Mater. Sci.6 (1971) 1197.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    R. J. Young andP. W. R. Beaumont,ibid.10 (1975) 1343.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    B. J. Pletka andS. M. Wiederhorn,ibid.17 (1982) 1247.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    H. R. Beer, T. Kaiser, A. C. Moloney andH. H. Kausch,ibid.21 (1986) 3661.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Chapman and Hall Ltd. 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. C. Moloney
    • 1
  • H. H. Kausch
    • 1
  • T. Kaiser
    • 2
  • H. R. Beer
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratoire de PolymèresEcole Polytechnique Fédérale de LausanneLausanneSwitzerland
  2. 2.Zentrallabor, Ress. Kunststoffe und KeramikBrown Boveri & Cie. AGZürich-OerlikonSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations