Polystyrene (PS)-polyether sulphone (PES) polymer blend thin films were prepared for examination in a scanning transmission electron microscope. The microstructures observed in 75 wt % PS-25 wt % PES films consisted of spherical inclusions, ranging from ≈0.2 to ≈1.2μm in diameter. X-ray spectrometric analysis in the microscope revealed that the inclusions were PES-rich, while the matrix contained only PS. Attention in this paper is paid to the contrast in the annular dark-field detector (ADF) images from these thin films. This image contrast has a complicated dependence on both the angular range subtended by the dark-field detector and “mass-thickness” variations within the films. On microscopes with appropriate lens controls which permit the acceptance angle of the ADF detector to be varied, it becomes possible actually to reverse the contrast between the two phases.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
B. D. Lauterwasser andE. J. Kramer,Phil. Mag. 39a (1979) 469.
R. A. L. Jones, J. Klein andA. M. Donald,Nature 321 (1986) 161.
M. A. Parker andD. Vesely,J. Polym. Sci. Polym. Phys. 24 (1986) 1869.
S. J. Pennycook, S. D. Berger andR. J. Culbertson,J. Microsc. 144 (1986) 229.
L. Reimer, “Transmission Electron Microscopy: Physics of Image Formation and Microanalysis” (Springer, Berlin, 1984).
R. F. Egerton,Phil. Mag. 31 (1975) 199.
R. A. Ferrel,Phys. Rev. 101, (1956) 554.
L. M. Brown,J. Phys. F 11 (1981) 1.
A. V. Crewe, J. P. Langmore andM. S. Isaacson, in “Physical Aspects of Electron Microscopy and Microbeam Analysis”, edited by B. M. Siegel and D. R. Beaman (Wiley, New York, 1975) p. 53.
F. Lenz,Z. Naturforsch. A9 (1954) 185.
G. Wentzel,Z. Phys. 40 (1927) 590.
A. V. Crewe andT. Groves,J. Appl. Phys. 45 (1974) 3662.
D. L. Misell andR. E. Burge,J. Phys. C. 2 (1969) 61.
J. P. Langmore, J. Wall andM. S. Isaacson,Optik 38 (1973) 335.
W. T. Scott,Rev. Mod. Phys. 35 (1963) 231.
K. E. Sickafus andA. M. Donald, to be submitted.
About this article
Cite this article
Sickafus, K.E., Berger, S.D. & Donald, A.M. Complexities in STEM analyses of polymer blend thin films. J Mater Sci 23, 1368–1378 (1988). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01154602
- Thin Film
- Transmission Electron Microscope