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Electrical properties and microstructure in the system ceria-alkaline earth oxide

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The ionic conduction of oxygen in the ceria-alkaline earth oxide system was investigated as a function of temperature, partial pressure of oxygen and oxide composition, together with its crystal structure, density, and microstructure. Undoped ceria and its solid solution with alkaline earth oxides have a cubic fluorite structure. The ionic conductivity of ceria is greatly enhanced by additions of calcia and strontia, even when they are added in excess of the solubility limit. The conductivities of ceria-calcia and ceria-strontia were much higher than those of calcia-and yttria-stabilized zirconia. Up to the limit of calcia and strontia, the ionic transference number was nearly unity in the temperature range between 600 and 900°C. With an increase in calcia and strontia content, the ionic conductivity was little affected by the presence of a second phase of CaO and SrCeO3.

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Correspondence to Hiromichi Arai.

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Yahiro, H., ohuchi, T., Eguchi, K. et al. Electrical properties and microstructure in the system ceria-alkaline earth oxide. J Mater Sci 23, 1036–1041 (1988).

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  • Calcia
  • Microstructure
  • Zirconia
  • Solid Solution
  • Partial Pressure