Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Piezoelectric relaxation in polymer and ferroelectric composites

  • 62 Accesses

  • 9 Citations


Recently, fairly large numbers of studies have been reported on piezoelectric relaxations of polymers. The piezoelectric constants of polymer and ferroelectric composites also show such relaxations. It has been found that both polymer and polymer and ferroelectric composities exhibit typical Debye-type piezoelectric dispersion. Cole-Cole diagrams for the piezoelectric properties of these materials have been drawn and an attempt has been made to interpret the results.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. 1.

    R. G. Beckenridge, “Imperfections in nearly perfect crystals”, edited by W. Shockley (Wiley, New York, 1952) p. 219.

  2. 2.

    W. G. Cady, “Piezoelectricity” (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1946).

  3. 3.

    A. Von Hippel, “Handbook of Physics” (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1967).

  4. 4.

    P. Debye,Z. Physik,13 (1912) 97.

  5. 5.

    K. W. Wagner,Arch. Electro. Tech. 2 (1914) 37.

  6. 6.

    R. Hayakawa, K. Namiki, T. Sakuri andY. Wada,Rep. Progr. Polym. Phys. Jpn 19 (1976) 317.

  7. 7.

    T. Furukawa, K. Fujino andE. Fukada,Jpn J. Appl. Phys. 15 (1976) 2119.

  8. 8.

    R. Hayakawa andY. Wada,Adv. Polym. Sci. 11 (1973) 1.

Download references

Author information

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Kumar, G.S., Prasad, G. Piezoelectric relaxation in polymer and ferroelectric composites. J Mater Sci 28, 2545–2550 (1993). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01151690

Download citation


  • Polymer
  • Piezoelectric Property
  • Piezoelectric Constant
  • Ferroelectric Composite