Identical twins and in vitro fertilization

  • R. G. Edwards
  • L. Mettler
  • D. E. Walters
Short Communication

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Bulmer MG: The Biology of Twinning in Man. Oxford, Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Benirschke K:In Handbook of Teratology, Vol 3, 1977, pp 79–115Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Seppälä M: The World Collaborative Report on in vitro fertilization and embryo replacement. Current state of the art in January 1984. In Third World Congress of in Vitro Fertilization and Embryo Transfer. Seppälä M, Edwards RG (eds), New York, NY Acad Sci 1985, pp 558–563Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Mettler L, L'ovulation le centre des événements reproductifs de la femme.In Actualités Gynécologiques Quatorziéme Série, Paris, Masson, 1983, pp 143–153Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Mettler L, Riedel H-H, Grillo M, Michelmann HW, Baukloh V, Weisner D, Semm K, Bastert G, Hack HJ: Schwanger-schaft und Geburt monozygoter weiblicher Zwillinge nach In-vitro-Fertilisation und Embryotransfer (IVF-ET). Geburtshilfe Frauenheilkunds 1984;44:670–676Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Yovich JL, Stanger JB, Gravaug A, Barter R, Lunay G, Dawkins RL, Mulcahy MT: Monozygotic twins from in vitro fertilization. Fertil Steril 1984;41: 833–837PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Yovich JL: Perth, Western Australia, Personal communication, 1985Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Zeilmaker GH, Alberda AT, van Gent I, Rijkmans CM, Drogendijk AC: Two pregnancies follwing transfer of intact frozen-thawed embryos. Fertil Steril 1984;42: 293–296PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Muasher SJ, Wilkes C, Garcia JE, Rosenwaks Z, Jones HW Jr: Benefits and risks of multiple transfer with in vitro fertilisation, (letter). Lancet 1984;1:570PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Dor J, Itzkowic DJ, Mashiach S, Lunenfeld B, Sen DM Cumulative conception rates following gonadotropin therapy. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1980:136:102–105PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Steptoe PC, Edwards RG, Purdy JM: Human blastocysts grown in culture. Nature 1970;229:132–133Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Naruse I, Kano S, Shaji R: Experimental induction of two inner cell masses in mouse embryos by vinblastine treatment in vitro. Teratology 1983;6:215–218Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Gardner RL: Manipulations and the blastocyst. Advances in the Biosciences. In Schering Symposium on Intrinsic and Extrinsic Factors in Early Mammalian Development. G. Raspe (ed). 1971;6;279–296Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Edwards RG, Surani MAH: The primate blastocyst and its environment. Ups J Med Sci 1978, (suppl) 22:39–50Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Fishel SB, Cohen J, Fehilly C, Purdy JM, Walters DE, Edwards RG: Factors influencing human embryonic development in vitro.In Third World Congress on in Vitro Fertilization and Embryo Transfer. Seppälä M, Edwards RG (eds), New York, Ann NY Acad Sci 1985, pp 342–356Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Leroy F: Implantation of the human embryo.In Human Implantation. Edwards RG, Purdy JM, Steptoe PC (eds). London, Academic Press, 1985Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Longo FJ: Changes in the zones pellucidae and plasmalemma of aging mouse eggs. Biol Reprod 1981:25(2):399–411PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Schmell ED, Gulyas BJ: Ovoperoxidase activity in ionophore treated mouse eggs. I. Electron microscopic localization. Gamete Res 1980:(3):267–277Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Edwards RG, Purdy JM, Steptoe PC (eds.): Implantation of the Human Embryo, London, Academic Press, 1985Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Craft I, Porter R, Green S, Tucker M, Smith B, Twigg H, Ahuja K, Whittingham D: Success of fertility, embryo transfer, and in-vitro fertilisation (letter). Lancet 1984;1:732Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. G. Edwards
    • 1
  • L. Mettler
    • 2
  • D. E. Walters
    • 3
  1. 1.Bourn Hall Clinic and Physiological LaboratoryUniversity of CambridgeCambridgeUK
  2. 2.Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyUniversity of KielKielFederal Republic of Germany
  3. 3.AFRC Statistics Group Department of Applied BiologyUniversity of CambridgeCambridgeUK

Personalised recommendations