, Volume 128, Issue 3, pp 151–153

Antifungal properties of essential oils and their main components uponCryptococcus neoformans

  • Catherine Viollon
  • Jean-Pierre Chaumont
Human And Animal Mycology

DOI: 10.1007/BF01138476

Cite this article as:
Viollon, C. & Chaumont, JP. Mycopathologia (1994) 128: 151. doi:10.1007/BF01138476


Cryptococcus neoformans opportunistic fungus met in the last phasis of AIDS is inhibited in vitro by several essential oils on natural volatile compounds. The minimal inhibitory concentration may reach 100 µl/l and minimal fungicidal concentration 200 µl/l with Palmarosa or Cinnamon oils. Among phenolic compounds, thymol and carvacrol are most fungitoxic. Terpenoids, citral, geraniol, and citronellol show best activities.

Key words

Antifungal Cryptococcus neoformans Essential oils Volatile compounds Phenolics Terpenoids 

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Catherine Viollon
    • 1
  • Jean-Pierre Chaumont
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratorie de botanique et de cryptogamie, Faculté de Médecine et PharmacieUniversité de Franche-ComtéBesançonFrance

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