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Applied Physics B

, Volume 60, Issue 2–3, pp 145–153 | Cite as

Localization of atoms in light fields: Optical molasses, adiabatic compression and squeezing

  • S. Marksteiner
  • R. Walser
  • P. Marte
  • P. Zoller
Cold Atoms, Atom Traps

Abstract

We present a theoretical study of the localization1 of atoms with an angular momentumJg=3 toJe=4 transition (e.g., chromium atoms) in quantized optical molasses created by two counterpropagating linearly polarized laser beams. We study the localization as a function of the potential depth, the angle between the polarizations and the interaction time with the molasses in the low-intensity limit, and discuss the possibility of adiabatic compression and squeezing of the atomic distribution.

PACS

32.80.Pj 42.50.Vk 81.15.-z 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Marksteiner
    • 1
    • 2
  • R. Walser
    • 1
    • 2
  • P. Marte
    • 1
    • 2
  • P. Zoller
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Joint Institute for Laboratory AstrophysicsUniversity of ColoradoBoulderUSA
  2. 2.Institut für Theoretische PhysikUniversität InnsbruckInnsbruckAustria

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