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Effect of human follicular fluids from pregnant and nonpregnant patients on the development of mouse zygotes in vitro


Mouse zygotes were cultured in medium containing follicular fluid from patients who had follicles containing oocytes which fertilized, did not fertilize, or were atretic and who did or did not become pregnant after in vitro fertilization and embryo replacement. The inhibitory effect was least with the follicular fluid from follicies in which the oocytes subsequently fertilized, greater when the oocytes did not fertilize, and most inhibitory when the follicle contained an atretic oocyte. More mouse zygotes developed to blastocysts when culture medium was supplemented with follicular fluid from patients who became pregnant compared to those who did not become pregnant. There was no difference in pregnancy outcome when an oocyte which subsequently fertilized was obtained from the follicle. These results indicate that follicles contain a substance(s) which inhibits mouse zygote development in vitro and that the inhibitory activity is related to the developmental potential of the oocyte in the follicle.

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Richards, D.W., Quinn, P., Stone, B.A. et al. Effect of human follicular fluids from pregnant and nonpregnant patients on the development of mouse zygotes in vitro. J Assist Reprod Genet 7, 22–27 (1990).

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Key Words

  • follicular fluid
  • oocyte
  • maturation
  • pregnancy