A dipole localization method in the frequency domain was used (FFT Dipole Approximation) to assess spatial differences in the spectral EEG reactivity (orienting response) between high and low symptomatic schizophrenics. Frequency bands of interest were determined empirically by comparing the two dichotomized patient groups with two matched control groups. Evidence for a correlation between EEG reactivity and severity of schizophrenic symptomatology was found, especially in the higher beta frequency range (16 – 25.5 Hz). Opposite effects were found in the two beta ranges of 20.5–22.5 Hz and 23.0–25.5 Hz, supporting the hypothesis that different EEG frequency bands have specific functional significances and that these bands are not necessarily those that are conventionally selected.
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We thank W. Manske and E. Tremel for their collaboration in conducting the recordings and initial steps of data treatment, and Dr. R. D. Pascual-Marqui for his contribution to the statistical analysis of the data.
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Michel, C.M., Koukkou, M. & Lehmann, D. EEG reactivity in high and low symptomatic schizophrenics, using source modelling in the frequency domain. Brain Topogr 5, 389–394 (1993). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01128696
- EEG reactivity
- Orienting response
- Acute schizophrenia
- FFT Dipole Approximation
- Frequency domain
- Model dipole sources