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Effect of visual deafferentation on the direct cortical response

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Summary

  1. 1.

    Investigation of the DCR of the visual cortex in rabbits 4–16 months after visual deafferentation has revealed a significant decrease in amplitude (by 56.5%) and duration (by 27%) of the primary negative wave of the DCR compared with intact animals. A decrease in amplitude of the positive wave in blind rabbits compared with intact was discovered only when a high stimulus intensity was used, and it did not exceed 17%.

  2. 2.

    A significant decrease in amplitude of the negative phase (by 20%) has been found in the sensorimotor cortex of rabbits after visual deafferentation.

  3. 3.

    It is postulated that the decrease in the negative wave of the DCR under the influence of visual deafferentation is due to atrophy of neuronal elements in the cortical projection zone, and also to weakening of synaptic action in the remaining synapses because of removal of the inflow of visual impulses via specific and nonspecific afferent systems.

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Zislina, N.N., Arkhipova, N.A. Effect of visual deafferentation on the direct cortical response. Neurosci Behav Physiol 3, 91–98 (1969). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01124460

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Keywords

  • Visual Cortex
  • Stimulus Intensity
  • Intact Animal
  • Synaptic Action
  • Sensorimotor Cortex