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Radiocarbon chronology of Neolithic and Predynastic sites in Upper Egypt and the Delta

Abstract

Critical evaluation, tree-ring calibration, and statistical analysis of 95 radiocarbon dates from neolithic and predynastic sites in Upper Egypt and the Delta provide the following average age estimates in calendrical years BC.

Early Fayum Neolithicca 5200 to 4500 BC

Early Merimda Neolithicca 4800 BC

Late Merimda Neolithic ⩾4400 BC

Late Fayum Neolithicca 4000 BC

Late Badarian? (Hemamieh)ca 4400/4000 BC

Early Nagada (Nagada)ca 3750 BC

Hierakonpolis (Locs 11 & 29)ca 3550 BC

Late Nagada (South Town)ca 3450 BC

Other sites or periods are not adequately dated. In addition, further dates are needed to bolster thistentative framework.

Résumé

La calibration par dendrochronologie et l'analyse statistique de 95 datations par radiocarbone des sites néolithiques et prédynastiques de la haute Egypte et du Delta, ainsi qu'une évaluation critique, offrent les estimations moyennes suivantes en années calendaires BC:

Néolithique ancien du Fayoumca 5200 a 4500 BC

Néolithique ancien à Merimdaca 4800 BC

Néolithique tardif à Merimda ⩾4400 BC

Néolithique tardif du Fayoumca 4000 BC

Badarien tardif? (Hemamieh)ca 4400/4000 BC

Nagadien tardif (Nagada)ca 3750 BC

Hierakonpolis (Locs 11 et 29)ca 3550 BC

Nagadien tardif (South Town)ca 3450 BC

Les autres sites ou périodes ne sont pas aussi bien datés pour l'instant, de plus, des datations supplémentaires sont requises afin de soutenir cet essai de chronologie.

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Hassan, F.A. Radiocarbon chronology of Neolithic and Predynastic sites in Upper Egypt and the Delta. Afr Archaeol Rev 3, 95–115 (1985). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01117456

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Keywords

  • Critical Evaluation
  • Cultural Study
  • Radiocarbon Date
  • Radiocarbon Chronology
  • Predynastic Site