African Archaeological Review

, Volume 4, Issue 1, pp 83–102 | Cite as

Chronology of the Khartoum ‘Mesolithic’ and ‘Neolithic’ and related sites in the Sudan: statistical analysis and comparisons with Egypt

  • Fekri A. Hassan


Assessment of radiocarbon measurements from the central Sudan provides the following calendrical age estimates:

Early Khartoum >7000-ca 5000 BC.

Early Neolithic Groupca 4900-4450 BC

Middle Neolithic Groupca 4400-3800 BC

Late Neolithic Groupca 3500-2700 BC

These estimates indicate that the early Neolithic settlements in the central Sudan were established at about the same time as those at Merimda Beni Salama in the Nile Delta and the Fayum. The Predynastic sites of Upper Egypt are later in age. The Badarian at Hemamieh is probably coeval with Shaheinab. Available dates on the Badarian are younger than those for some Khartoum Neolithic sites, but the Badarian is poorly dated.


Cultural Study Nile Delta Related Site Neolithic Site Neolithic Settlement 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


L'evaluation de datations au radiocarbone du Soudan Central a fourni les âges absolus suivants:

Early Khartoum >7000 c. 5000 BC

Groupe du Néolithique inférieur c. 4900-4450 BC

Groupe du Néolithique moyen c. 4400-3800 BC

Groupe du Néolithique supérieur c. 3500-2700 BC

Ces résultats indiquent que les habitations néolithiques au Soudan Central furent établies à peu près à la même époque que celles à Merimda Beni Salama dans le Delta du Nil et au Fayoum. Les gisements prédynastiques de la Haute Egypte sont plus récents. Le Badarien à Hemamieh est probablement contemporain de Shaheinab. Les datations disponibles pour le Badarien sont plus récentes que celles de certains gisements néolithiques de Khartoum, mais le Badarien est mal daté.


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© Cambridge University Press 1986

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  • Fekri A. Hassan

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