Sociological Forum

, Volume 3, Issue 1, pp 89–109

Occupational pursuits of free women in early America: An examination of eighteenth-century newspapers

  • Martin Schultz
  • Herman R. Lantz

DOI: 10.1007/BF01115125

Cite this article as:
Schultz, M. & Lantz, H.R. Sociol Forum (1988) 3: 89. doi:10.1007/BF01115125


The revival of social and family history during the past two decades has resulted in major revisions of conventional explanations of the processes of social change. Scholarship concerning the status, roles, and contributions of early American women has been especially important in this respect. This paper is based on original findings from a systematic survey of the occupational pursuits of early American women (N=2,572) and a stratified sample (N=1,949), both derived from eighteenth-century newspaper advertisements. Our findings focus on the distribution of occupations available to women, important trends during the period, and factors contributing to changes in the occupational structure of early America.


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Copyright information

© the Eastern Sociological Society 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Martin Schultz
    • 1
  • Herman R. Lantz
    • 2
  1. 1.East Carolina UniversityUSA
  2. 2.Southern Illinois University at CarbondaleUSA

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