A theoretical analysis, previously developed to deal with the machanics of matrix cracking in unidirectional composites and with transverse ply cracking in cross ply laminates, has been developed further to deal with the tensile failure of unidirectional fibrous composites in with the fibres have a known distribution of strengths. It is proposed that, under the application of a tensile load, stable transverse cracks are formed which originate from regions of initial damage and which become unstable at some critical strain value. The model takes account of various parameters including the interfacial fibre/matrix debonding energy, the residual frictional shear strength of the debonded interface and the elastic properties of fibres and matrix. Comparisons are made between the predictions of the model and the observed failing strains of the 0° plies in carbon fibre polymer matrix laminates. The relevance of the model to the study of delayed fracture in fibrous composites is discussed. The modification of this model, previously developed to describe crack growth in the transverse plies of 0°/90° laminates, is used to predict the initial cracking strains for a wide range of CFRP laminate geometries and initial crack sizes. Some aspects of the mechanics of crack extension across interply interfaces are discussed.
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Morley, J.G. Some aspects of crack growth and failure in fibre reinforced composites. J Mater Sci 18, 1564–1576 (1983). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01111979
- Shear Strength
- Crack Extension
- Initial Crack
- Crack Size
- Transverse Crack