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Structure of a global and seasonal carbon exchange model for the terrestrial biosphere the frankfurt biosphere model (FBM)

Abstract

Carbon exchange fluxes of terrestrial ecosystems are expected to depend on the internal dynamics of C stocks in vegetation and soils, on nutrient availability, and on the local climatic conditions/weather. The model structure which we present focuses on the internal dynamics in the living vegetation. The mathematical description is derived from two basic hypotheses: 1) vegetation tends to maximize photosynthesizing tissue, and 2) the relative amounts of C in pools with relatively short and long turnover times are given by allometric relations. The model can be calibrated for any vegetation type in a typical climate under the condition to meet mean ecological estimates of e.g. biomass and NPP. For C cycle modeling the FBM yields the net CO2 flux between the grid elements and the atmosphere in a daily resolution. It is demonstrated that simulations with a 1°×1° spatial resolution reproduce the response of the time course of C fluxes to local climates.

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Kindermann, J., Lüdeke, M.K.B., Badeck, F.-. et al. Structure of a global and seasonal carbon exchange model for the terrestrial biosphere the frankfurt biosphere model (FBM). Water Air Soil Pollut 70, 675–684 (1993). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01105029

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Keywords

  • Local Climate
  • Turnover Time
  • Carbon Exchange
  • Cycle Modeling
  • Internal Dynamic