Mycopathologia

, Volume 131, Issue 1, pp 31–36 | Cite as

Occurrence of mycotoxins in cereals and animal feedstuffs in Natal, South Africa 1994

  • Michael F. Dutton
  • Ann Kinsey
Mycotoxicoses And Mycotoxins

Abstract

During the year of 1994, 417 samples of agricultural commodities, comprising: maize, compound animal feeds, oil seeds, soya bean, fish meal and forage were examined for fungi and over 20 mycotoxins using a multi-screen augmented with individual assays. Trichothecenes had the highest incidence of over 19% in all samples received, followed by aflatoxin at 6% and then zearalenone at 3%. Selected samples (73) were analyzed for fumonisin B1 and of these, 69 (94%) were found to be positive. Because of this result and high incidence ofFusarium spp. (over 70%) in maize and maize containing feeds, which was higher than eitherAspergillus spp. (19%) orPenicillium spp. (33%), attention is drawn to the actual and potential presence of fumonisin in the food chain.

Key words

Agricultural commodities Analysis Mycotoxin 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael F. Dutton
    • 1
  • Ann Kinsey
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PhysiologyUniversity of NatalDurban
  2. 2.Department of Poultry and Animal ScienceUniversity of NatalPietermaritzburg, NatalSouth Africa

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