Advertisement

Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries

, Volume 5, Issue 1, pp 52–95 | Cite as

The effects of pollution on reproduction in fish

  • David E. Kime
Papers

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Ahsan, S.N. and Ahsan, J. (1974) Degenerative changes in the testis ofClarias batrachus (Linn.) caused by cadmium chloride.Ind. J. Zool. 15, 39–43.Google Scholar
  2. Anderson, B.S., Middaugh, D.P., Hunt, J.W. and Turpen, S.L. (1991) Copper toxicity to sperm, embryos and larvae of topsmeltAtherinops affinis, with notes on induced spawning.Mar. env. Res. 31, 17–35.Google Scholar
  3. Ankley, G.T., Blazer, V.S., Reinert, R.E. and Agosin, M. (1986) Effects of Arochlor 1254 on cytochrome P-450-dependent monoxygenase, glutathione-S-transferase, and UDP-glucuronyl-transferase activities in Channel catfish liver.Aquat. Toxicol. 9, 91–103.Google Scholar
  4. Ansari, B.A. and Kumar, K. (1987) Malathion toxicity: effect on the ovary of the zebra fishBrachydanio rerio (Cyprinidae).Int. Rev. ges. Hydrobiol. 72, 517–28.Google Scholar
  5. Arora, N. and Kulshrestha, S.K. (1984) Comparison of the toxic effects of two pesticides on the testes of a fresh water teleostChanna striatus B1.Acta Hydrochim. Hydrobiol. 12, 435–41.Google Scholar
  6. Bagchi, P., Chatterjee, S., Ray, A. and Deb, C. (1990) Effect of quinalphos, organophosphorus insecticide, on testicular steroidogenesis in fish,Clarias batrachus.Bull. env. Contam. Toxicol. 44, 871–5.Google Scholar
  7. Beamish, R.J. (1976) Acidification of lakes in Canada by acid precipitation and the resulting effects on fishes.Water, Air, Soil Poll. 6, 501–14.Google Scholar
  8. Bengtsson, B.E. (1980) Long-term effects of PCB (Clophen A50) on growth, reproduction and swimming performance in the minnow,Phoxinus phoxinus.Water Res. 14, 681–7.Google Scholar
  9. Bhattacharya, L. and Pandey, A.K. (1989) Inhibition of steroidogenesis and pattern of recovery in the testes of DDT exposed cichlid —Oreochromis mossambicus.Bangladesh J. Zool. 17, 1–14.Google Scholar
  10. Bhattacharya, T., Ray, A.K. and Bhattacharya, S. (1984) Response ofChanna punctatus (Bloch) under short and long term exposures to industrial pollutants: hepatic and blood cholesterol changes.Comp. Physiol. Ecol. 9, (Suppl.) 435–8.Google Scholar
  11. Billard, R. and de Kinkeln, P. (1970) Stérilisation des testicules de guppies par des doses non létales de parathion.Annls Hydrobiol. 1, 91–9.Google Scholar
  12. Billard, R. and Roubaud, P. (1985) The effect of metals and cyanide on fertilisation in rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri).Water Res. 19, 209–14.Google Scholar
  13. Boyd, C.E. (1964) Insecticides cause mosquitofish to abort.Progve Fish-Cult. 26, 138.Google Scholar
  14. Bresch, H., Beck, H., Ehlermann, D., Schlaszus, H. and Urbanek, M. (1990) A long-term toxicity test comprising reproduction and growth of zebrafish with 4 — chloroaniline.Arch. env. Contam. Toxicol. 19, 419–27.Google Scholar
  15. Burdick, G.E., Harris, E.J., Dean, H.J., Walker, T.M., Skea, J. and Colby, D. (1964) The accumulation of DDT in lake trout and the effect on reproduction.Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 93, 127–36.Google Scholar
  16. Burdick, G.E., Dean, H.J., Harris, E.J., Skea, J., Karcher, R. and Frisa, C. (1972) Effect of rate and duration of feeding DDT on the reproduction of salmonid fishes reared and held under controlled conditions.NY Fish Game J. 19, 97–115.Google Scholar
  17. Carlson, A.R. (1971) Effects of long-term exposure to carbaryl (Sevin) on survival, growth, and reproduction of the fathead minnow (Pimephales promelas).J. Fish. Res. Bd Can. 29, 583–7.Google Scholar
  18. Carragher, J.F., Sumpter, J.P., Pottinger, T.G. and Pickering, A.D. (1989) The deleterious effects of cortisol implantation on reproductive function in two species of trout,Salmo trutta L., andSalmo gairdneri Richardson.Gen. comp. Endocrinol. 76, 310–21.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Chen, T.T., Reid, P.C., Van Beneden, R. and Sonstegard, R.A. (1986) Effect of Arochlor 1254 and Mirex on estradiol-induced vitellogenin production in juvenile rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri).Can. J. Fish. aquat. Sci. 43, 169–73.Google Scholar
  20. Choudhury, C., Ray, A.K., Bhattacharya, S. and Bhattacharya, S. (1993) Non lethal concentrations of pesticide impair ovarian function in the freshwater perch,Anabas testudineus.Env. Biol. Fishes 36, 319–24.Google Scholar
  21. Cope, O.B., Wood, E.M. and Wallen, G.H. (1970) Some chronic efects of 2,4-D on the bluegill (Lepomis macrochirus).Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 99, 1–12.Google Scholar
  22. Craig, G.R. and Bakshi, W.F. (1977) The effects of depressed pH on flagfish reproduction, growth and survival.Water Res. 11, 621–6.Google Scholar
  23. Cross, J.N. and Hose, J.E. (1988) Evidence for impaired reproduction in white croaker (Genyonemus lineatus) from contaminated areas off southern California.Mar. env. Res. 24, 185–8.Google Scholar
  24. Curtis, L.R. and Beyers, R.J. (1978) Inhibition of oviposition in the teleostOryzias latipes, induced by subacute kepone exposure.Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 61C, 15–16.Google Scholar
  25. Da Costa, H. and Ruby, S.M. (1984) The effect of sublethal cyanide on vitellogenic parameters in rainbow troutSalmo gairdneri.Arch. env. Contam. Toxicol. 13, 101–4.Google Scholar
  26. Davis, W.P. (1988) Reproductive and developmental responses in the self-fertilising fish,Rivulus marmoratus, induced by the plasticizer, di-n-butylphthalate.Env. Biol. Fishes 21, 81–90.Google Scholar
  27. Dethlefsen, V. (1989) Fish in the polluted North Sea.Dana 8, 109–29.Google Scholar
  28. Dey, S. and Bhattacharya, S. (1989) Ovarian damage toChanna punctatus after chronic exposure to low concentrations of elsan, mercury and ammonia.Ecotoxicol. env. Safety 17, 247–57.Google Scholar
  29. Duplinsky, P.D. (1982) Sperm motility of nothern pike and chain pickerel at various pH values.Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 111, 768–71.Google Scholar
  30. Flett, P.A., Munkittrick, K.R. and Leatherland, J.F. (1991) Reproductive problems in Lake Erie coho salmon. In Scott, A.P., Sumpter, J.P., Kime, D.E. and Rolfe, M.S., eds.Proc. 4th Int. Symp. Reprod. Physiol. Fish. Sheffield: FishSymp91, pp. 151–3.Google Scholar
  31. Förlin, L. and Hansson, T. (1982) Effects of treated municipal wastewater on the hepatic, xenobiotic, and steroid metabolism in trout.Ecotoxicol. env. Safety. 6, 41–8.Google Scholar
  32. Freeman, H.C. and Idler, D.R. (1975) The effect of polychlorinated biphenyl on steroidogenesis and reproduction in the brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis).Can. J. Biochem. 53, 666–70.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. Freeman, H.C. and Sangalang, G. (1977a) The effects of a polychlorinated biphenyl (Arochlor 1254) contaminated diet on steroidogenesis and reproduction in the Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua).Int. Council Explor. Sea, Reykjavik, Iceland 1977 CM1977/E67 (Fisheries Improvement Committee), 12 pp.Google Scholar
  34. Freeman, H.C. and Sangalang, G. (1977b) Changes in steroid hormone metabolism as a sensitive method of monitoring pollutants and contaminants.Proc. 3rd Aquat. Toxicity Workshop, Halifax, NS, Nov. 1976. Environ. Prot. Service Tech. Rep. No. EPS-5-77-1, Halifax, Canada. pp. 123–32.Google Scholar
  35. Freeman, H.C., Uthe, J.F. and Sangalang, G. (1980) The use of steroid hormone metabolism studies in assessing the sublethal effects of marine pollution.Rapp. P.-v. Réun. Cons. int. Explor. Mer 179, 16–22.Google Scholar
  36. Freeman, H.C., Sangalang, G.B., Burns, G. and McMenemy, M. (1983) The blood sex hormone levels in sexually mature male Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) in the Westfield River (pH 4.7) and the Medway River (pH 5.6) Nova Scotia.Sci. Total Environ. 32, 87–91.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. Freeman, H.C., Sangalang, G.B. and Uthe, J.F. (1984) The effects of pollutants and contaminants on steroidogenesis in fish and marine mammals. In Cairns, V.W., Hodson, P.V. and Nriagu, J.R., eds.Contamination Effects on Fisheries. New York: Wiley, pp. 197–211.Google Scholar
  38. Ghosh, P., Bhattacharya, S. and Bhattacharya, S. (1990) Impairment of the regulation of gonadal function inChanna punctatus by Metacid-50 and Carbaryl under laboratory and field conditions.Biomed. env. Sci. 3, 106–12.Google Scholar
  39. Goodman, L.R., Hansen, D.J., Manning, C.S. and Faas, L.F. (1982) Effects of Kepone on the sheepshead minnow in an entire life-cycle toxicity test.Arch. env. Contam. Toxicol. 11, 335–42.Google Scholar
  40. Haider, S. and Inbaraj, R.M. (1988)In vitro effect of malathion and endosulfan on the LH-induced oocyte maturation in the common carp,Cyprinus carpio (L.).Water, Air Soil Poll. 39, 27–31.Google Scholar
  41. Haider, S. and Upadhyaya, N. (1985) Effect of commercial formulation of four organophosphorus insecticides on the ovaries of a freshwater teleost,Mystus vittatus (Bloch) — a histological and histochemical study.J. env. Sci. Health. B20, 321–40.Google Scholar
  42. Haider, S. and Upadhyaya, N. (1986) Effect of commerical formulation of four organophosphorus insecticides on the LH-induced germinal vesicle breakdown in the oocytes of a freshwater teleost,Mystus vittatus (Bloch) — a preliminaryin vitro study.Ecotoxicol. env. Safety 12, 161–5.Google Scholar
  43. Hall, A.T. and Oris, J.T. (1991) Anthracene reduces reproductive potential and is maternally transferred during long-term exposure in fathead minnows.Aquat. Toxicol. 19, 249–64.Google Scholar
  44. Hansen, P.D., Westernhagen, H. von and Rosenthal, H. (1985) Chlorinated hydrocarbons and hatching success in Baltic herring spring spawners.Mar. env. Res. 15, 59–76.Google Scholar
  45. Hatakeyama, S. and Yasuno, M. (1987) Chronic effects of Cd on the reproduction of the guppy (Poecilia reticulata) through Cd-accumulated midge larvae (Chironomus yoshimatsui).Ecotoxicol. env. Safety 14, 191–207.Google Scholar
  46. Haux, C., Larsson, Å., Lidman, U., Förlin, L., Hansson, T. and Johansson-Sjöbeck, M.-L. (1982) Sublethal physiological effects of chlorinated paraffins on the flounder,Platichthys flesus L.Ecotoxicol. env. Safety 6, 49–59.Google Scholar
  47. Haux, C., Björnsson, B. Th., Förlin, L., Larsson, Å. and Deftos, L.J. (1988) Influence of cadmium exposure on plasma calcium, vitellogenin and calcitonin in vitellogenic rainbow trout.Mar. env. Res. 24, 199–202.Google Scholar
  48. Hirose, K. (1975) Reproduction in medaka,Oryzias latipes, exposed to sublethal concentrations of γ-benzenehexachloride (BHC).Bull. Tokai Reg. Fish. Res. Lab. 81, 139–49.Google Scholar
  49. Hose, J.E., Hannah, J.B., Landolt, M.L., Miller, B.S., Felton, S.P. and Iwaoka, W.T. (1981) Uptake of benzo[α]pyrene by gonadal tissue of flatfish (family Pleuronectidae) and its effects on subsequent egg development.J. Toxicol. env. Health 7, 991–1000.Google Scholar
  50. Hose, J.E., Cross, J.N., Smith, S.G. and Diehl, D. (1989) Reproductive impairment in a fish inhabiting a contaminated coastal environment off southern California.Env. Poll. 57, 139–48.Google Scholar
  51. Jobling, S. and Sumpter, J.P. (1994) Detergent components in sewage effuent are weakly oestrogenic to fish: anin vitro study using rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) hepatocytes.Aquat. Toxicol. (in press)Google Scholar
  52. Johnson, L.L., Casillas, E., Collier, T.K., McCain, B.B. and Varanasi, U. (1988) Contaminant effects on ovarian development in English sole (Parophrys vetulus) from Puge Sound, Washington.Can. J. Fish. aquat. Sci. 45, 2133–46.Google Scholar
  53. Kapur, K., Kamaldeep, K. and Toor, H.S. (1978) The effect of fenitrothion on reproduction of a teleost fish.Cyprinus carpio communis Linn.: a biochemical study.Bull. env. Contam. Toxicol. 20, 438–42.Google Scholar
  54. Katti, S.R. and Sathyanesan, A.G. (1986) Changes in the hypothalamo-neurohypophysical complex of lead treated teleostean fishClarias batrachus (L.).Z. mikrosk. -anat. forsch. 100, 347–52.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  55. Katti, S.R. and Sathyanesan, A.G. (1987) Lead nitrate-induced nuclear inclusions in the oocytes of the catfishClarias batrachus (L.).Env. Res. 44, 238–40.Google Scholar
  56. Khan, A.T. and Weis, J.S. (1987a) Toxic effects of mercuric chloride on sperm and egg viability of two populations of mummichog,Fundulus heteroclitus. Env. Poll. 48, 263–73.Google Scholar
  57. Khan, A.T. and Weis, J.S. (1987b) Effects of methylmercury on sperm and egg viability of two populations of killifish (Fundulus heteroclitus).Arch. env. Contam. Toxicol. 16, 499–505.Google Scholar
  58. Khan, A.T. and Weis, J.S. (1987c) Effect of methylmercury on egg and juvenile viability in two populations of killifishFundulus heteroclitus.Env. Res. 44, 272–8.Google Scholar
  59. Khan, A.T. and Weis, J.S. (1993) Differential effects of organic and inorganic mercury on the micropyle of the eggs ofFundulus heteroclitus.Env. Biol. Fishes 37, 323–7.Google Scholar
  60. Kihlström, J.E., Lundberg, C. and Hulth, L. (1971) Number of eggs and young produced by zebrafishes (Brachydanio rerio, Ham.-Buch.) spawning in water containing small amounts of phenylmercuric acetate.Env. Res. 4, 355–9.Google Scholar
  61. Kime, D.E. (1984) The effect of cadmium on steroidogenesis by testes of the rainbow trout,Salmo gairdneri. Toxicol. Lett. 22, 83–8.Google Scholar
  62. Kime, D.E. (1993) Classical and non-classical steroids in teleost fish.Rev. Fish Biol. Fisheries 3, 160–80.Google Scholar
  63. Kime, D.E., Vinson, G.P., Major, P.W. and Kilpatrick, R. (1980) Adrenal-gonad relationships. In Chester Jones, I. and Henderson, I.W., eds.General, Comparative and Clinical Endocrinology of the Adrenal Cortex, Vol. 3. New York and London: Academic Press, pp. 183–264.Google Scholar
  64. Kime, D.E., Epler, P., Bieniarz, K., Sokolowska, M., Motyka, K. and Mikolajczyk, T. (1987) The temporal sequence of changes in oocyte maturation and ovarian steroid hormone production during induced ovulation in the common carp,Cyprinus carpio.Gen. comp. Endocrinol. 68, 313–21.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  65. Kime, D.E., Scott, A.P. and Canario, A.V.M. (1992)In vitro biosynthesis of steroids, including 11-deoxycortisol and 5α-pregnane-3β, 7α, 17,20β-tetrol, by ovaries of the goldfishCarassius auratus during the stage of oocyte final maturation.Gen. comp. Endocrinol. 87, 375–84.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  66. Kirubagaran, R. and Joy, K.P. (1988a) Toxic effects of mercuric chloride, methylmercuric chloride, and emisan 6 (an organic mercurial fungicide) on ovarian recrudescence in the catfishClarias batrachus (L.).Bull env. Contam. Toxicol. 41, 902–9.Google Scholar
  67. Kirubagaran, R. and Joy, K.P. (1988b) Inhibition of testicular 3β-hydroxy-Δ5-steroid dehydrogenase (3β-HSD) activity in catfishClarias batrachus (L.) by mercurials.Ind. J. exp. Biol. 26, 907–8.Google Scholar
  68. Kling, D. (1981) Total atresia of the ovaries ofTilapia leucosticta (Cichlidae) after intoxication with the insecticide Lebaycid.Experientia.37, 73–4.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  69. Klondal, J.K., Saxena, P.K. and Soni, G.L. (1989) Effect of vegetable oil factory effluent on the gonads of a freshwater teleost,Heteropneustes fossilis (B1.) — a biochemical study.Env. Poll. 57, 117–25.Google Scholar
  70. Kulshrestha, S.K. and Arora, N. (1984) Impairments induced by sublethal doses of two pesticides in the ovaries of a freshwater teleostChanna striatus Bloch.Toxicol. Lett. 20, 93–8.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  71. Kumar, S. and Pant, S.C. (1984) Comparative effects of the sublethal poisoning of zinc, copper and lead on the gonads of the teleostPuntius conchonius Ham.Toxicol. Lett. 23 189–94.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  72. Kumar, S. and Pant, S.C. (1988) Comparative sublethal ovarian pathology of some pesticides in the teleost,Puntius conchonius Hamilton.Bull. env. Contam. Toxicol. 41, 227–32.Google Scholar
  73. Kumar, V. and Mukherjee, D. (1988) Phenol and sulfide induced changes in the ovary and liver of sexually maturing common carp,Cyprinus carpio.Aquat. Toxicol. 13, 53–60.Google Scholar
  74. Kumari, M. and Dutt, N.H.G. (1991) Cadmium induced histomorphological changes in the testis and pituitary gonadotrophic hormone secreting cells of the cyprinidPuntius sarana.Boll. Zool. 58, 71–6.Google Scholar
  75. Lal, B. and Singh, T.P. (1987) The effect of malathion and γ-BHC on the lipid metabolism in relation to reproduction in the tropical teleost,Clarias batrachus.Env. Poll. 48, 37–47.Google Scholar
  76. Landner, L., Neilsson, A.H., Sörensen, L., Tärnholm, A. and Viktor, T. (1985) Short-term test for predicting the potential of xenobiotics to impair reproductive success in fish.Ecotoxicol. env. Safety 9, 282–93.Google Scholar
  77. Leatherland, J.F., Copeland, P., Sumpter, J.P. and Sonstegard, R.A. (1982) Hormonal control of gonad maturation and development of secondary sexual characteristics in coho salmon.Oncorhynchus kisutch, from Lakes Ontario, Erie and Michigan.Gen comp. Endocrinol. 48, 196–204.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  78. Lee, R.M. and Gerking, S.D. (1980) Survival and reproductive performance of the desert pupfish.Cyprinodon n. nevadensis (Eigenmann and Eigenmann) in acid waters.J. Fish Biol. 17, 507–15.Google Scholar
  79. Luksienè, D. (1978) Effect of thermic regimen of the basin-condenser of the Lithuanian State Regional Electric Power Plant on fish reproduction: 1. Characteristics of the sexual cycle of the bream.Lithuanian SSR Acad. Sci. Ser. C,4(84, 81–91 (in Russian). (Biol. Abstr. 68 59654 (1979)).Google Scholar
  80. Luksienè, D. (1981) Effect of thermic regimen of the basin-condenser of the Lithuanian State Regional Electric Power Plant on fish reproduction: 2. Features of oogenesis in the roachRutilus rutilus.Lithuanian SSR Acad. Sci. Ser. B,1(73, 61–73 (in Russian). (Biol. Abstr. 74, 42665 (1982)).Google Scholar
  81. Luksienè, D. (1982) Effect of thermic regimen of the basin-condenser of the Lithuanian State Regional Electric Power Plant on fish reproduction: 3. Characteristics of oogenesis of the perchPerca fluviatilis and the pikeEsox lucius.Lithuanian SSR Acad. Sci. Ser. B,2(78, 32–46 (in Russian). (Biol. Abstr. 76, 40368 (1983)).Google Scholar
  82. Macek, K.J. (1968) Reproduction in brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) fed sublethal concentrations of DDT.J. Fish. Res. Bd Can. 25, 1787–96.Google Scholar
  83. McIntyre, J.D. (1973) Toxicity of methyl mercury for steelhead trout sperm.Bull. env. Contam. Toxicol. 9, 98–9.Google Scholar
  84. McKim, J.M. and Benoit, D.A. (1971) Effects of long-term exposures to copper on survival, growth, and reproduction of brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis).J. Fish. Res. Bd Can. 28, 655–62.Google Scholar
  85. McMaster, M.E., Van der Kraak, G.J., Portt, C.B., Munkittrick, K.R., Sibley, P.K., Smith, I.R. and Dixon, D.G. (1991) Changes in hepatic mixed-function oxygenase (MFO) activity, plasma steroid levels and age at maturity of a white sucker (Catostomus commersoni) population exposed to bleached kraft pulp mill effluent.Aquat. Toxicol. 21, 199–218.Google Scholar
  86. McMaster, M.E., Portt, C.B., Munkittrick, K.R. and Dixon, D.G. (1992) Milt characteristics, reproductive performance, and larval survival and development of white sucker exposed to bleached kraft mill effluent.Ecotoxicol. env. Safety 23, 103–17.Google Scholar
  87. Mani, K. and Saxena, P.K. (1985) Effect of safe concentrations of some pesticides on ovarian recrudescence in the freshwater murrel,Channa punctatus (B1.): a quantitative study.Ecotoxicol. env. Safety 9, 241–9.Google Scholar
  88. Matthiessen, P. and Logazn, J.W.M. (1984) The effects of low concentrations of endosulfan insecticide on reproductive behaviour in the tropical cichlid fishSarotherodon mossambicus.Bull. env. Contam. Toxicol. 33, 575–83.Google Scholar
  89. Mohr, L.C. and Chalanchuk, S.M. (1985) The effect of pH on sperm motility of white suckers,Catostomus commersoni, in the Great Lakes Area.Env. Biol. Fishes 14, 309–14.Google Scholar
  90. Monod, G. (1985) Egg mortality of Lake Geneva Charr (Salvelinus alpinus L.) contaminated by PCB and DDT derivatives.Bull env. Contam. Toxicol. 35, 531–6.Google Scholar
  91. Morrison, P.F., Leatherland, J.F. and Sonstegard, R.A. (1985) Plasma cortisol and sex steroid levels in Great Lakes coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch Walbaum) in relation to fecundity and egg survival.Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 80A, 61–8.Google Scholar
  92. Mount, D.R., Hockett, J.R. and Gern, W.A. (1988) Effect of long-term exposure to acid, aluminium, and low calcium on adult brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis). 2. Vitellogenesis and osmoregulation.Can. J. Fish. aquat. Sci. 45, 1633–42.Google Scholar
  93. Mukherjee, D., Guha, D., Kumar, V. and Chakrabarty, S. (1991) Impairment of steroidogenesis and reproduction in sexually matureCyprinus carpio by phenol and sulfide under laboratory conditions.Aquat. Toxicol. 21, 29–40.Google Scholar
  94. Munkittrick, K.R. and Dixon, D.G. (1989) Effects of natural exposure to copper and zinc on egg size and larval copper tolerance in white sucker (Catostomus commersoni)Ecotoxicol env. Safety 18, 15–26.Google Scholar
  95. Munkittrick, K.R., Portt, C.B., Van der Kraak, G.J., Smith, I.R. and Rokosh, D.A. (1991) Impact of bleached kraft mill effluent on population characteristics, liver MFO activity, and serum steroid levels of a Lake Superior white sucker (Catostomus commersoni) population.Can. J. Fish. aquat. Sci. 48, 1371–80.Google Scholar
  96. Munkittrick, K.R., McMaster, M.E., Portt, C.B., Smith, I.R. and Dixon, D.G. (1992) Changes in maturity, plasma sex steroid levels, hepatic mixed-function oxygenase activity, and the presence of external lesions in Lake Whitefish (Coregonus clupeaformis) exposed to bleached kraft mill effluent.Can. J. Fish. aquat. Sci. 49, 1560–69.Google Scholar
  97. Murugesan, A.G. and Haniffa, M.A. (1992) Histopathological and histochemical changes in the oocytes of the air-breathing fishHeteropneustes fossilis (Bloch) exposed to textile-mill effluent.Bull. env. Contam. Toxicol. 48, 929–36.Google Scholar
  98. Nagler, J.J., Aysola, P. and Ruby, S.M. (1986) Effect of sublethal pentachlorophenol on early oogenesis in maturing female rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri).Arch. env. Contam. Toxicol. 15, 549–55.Google Scholar
  99. Pandey, A.K. and Shukla, L. (1980) Effect of benzene hexachloride — an insecticide on the testicular histology inTilapia mossambica.Geobios 7, 251–3.Google Scholar
  100. Pandey, A.K. and Shukla, L. (1982) Effect of an organophosphorus insecticide malathion on the testicular histophysiology inSarotherodon mossambicus.Nat. Acad. Sci. Lett. 5, 141–3.Google Scholar
  101. Pawar, K.R. and Katdare, M. (1983) Effect of sumithion on the ovaries of freshwater fishGarra mullya (Sykes).Curr. Sci. 16, 784–5.Google Scholar
  102. Pereira, J.J., Mercaldo-Allen, R., Kuropat, C., Luedke, D. and Sennefelder, G. (1993) Effect of cadmium accumulation on serum vitellogenin levels and hepatosomatic and gonadosomatic indices of winter flounder (Pleuronectes americanus).Arch. env. Contam. Toxicol. 24, 427–31.Google Scholar
  103. Pickering, A.D. (1981)Stress and Fish. London: Academic Press. 368 pp.Google Scholar
  104. Pickering, A.D., Pottinger, T.G., Carragher, J. and Sumpter, J.P. (1987) The effect of acute and chronic stress on the levels of reproductive hormones in the plasma of mature male brown troutGen. comp. Endocrinol. 68, 249–59.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  105. Povlsen, A.F., Korsgaard, B. and Bjerregaard, P. (1990) The effect of cadmium on vitellogenin metabolism in estradiol-induced flounder (Platichthys flesus (L.)) males and females.Aquat. Toxicol. 17, 253–62.Google Scholar
  106. Pundir, R. and Saxena, A.B. (1990) Seasonal changes in the testes of fishPuntius ticto, and their relation to heavy metal toxicity.Bull. Env. Contam. Toxicol. 45, 288–93.Google Scholar
  107. Pundir, R. and Saxena, A.B. (1992) Chronic toxic exposure of cadmium on the pituitary gland of fishPuntius ticto and pattern of recoupment.J. env. Biol. 13, 69–74.Google Scholar
  108. Purdom, C.E., Hardiman, P.A., Bye, V.J., Eno, N.C., Tyler, C.R. and Sumpter, J.P. (1994) Estrogenic effects of effluents from sewage treatment works.Chem. Ecol. 8, 275–85.Google Scholar
  109. Ram, R.N. and Sathyanesan, A.G. (1983) Effect of mercuric chloride on the reproductive cycle of the teleostean fishChanna punctatus.Bull env. Contam. Toxicol. 30, 24–7.Google Scholar
  110. Ram, R.N. and Sathyanesan, A.G. (1984) Mercuric chloride induced changes in the protein, lipid and cholesterol levels of the liver and ovary of the fishChanna punctatus.Env. Ecol. 2, 113–17.Google Scholar
  111. Ram, R.N. and Sathyanesan, A.G. (1986) Effect of a mercurial fungicide on the gonadal development of the teleostean fishChanna punctatus (Bloch).Ecotoxicol. Env. Safety 11, 352–60.Google Scholar
  112. Ram, R.N. and Sathyanesan, A.G. (1987) Effects of long-term exposure to Cythion on the reproduction of the teleost fish,Channa punctatus (Bloch).Env. Poll. 44, 49–60.Google Scholar
  113. Rastogi, A. and Kulshrestha, S.K. (1990) Effect of sublethal doses of three pesticides on the ovary of a carp minnowRasbora daniconius.Bull. env. Contam. Toxicol. 45, 742–7.Google Scholar
  114. Roy, R.L., Ruby, S.M., Idler, D.R. and So, Y. (1990) Plasma vitellogenin levels in pre-spawning rainbow trout,Oncorhynchus mykiss, during acid exposure.Arch. env. Contam. Toxicol. 19, 803–6.Google Scholar
  115. Ruby, S.M., Aczel, J. and Craig, G.R. (1977) The effects of depressed pH on oogenesis in flagfishJordanella floridae.Water Res. 11, 757–62.Google Scholar
  116. Ruby, S.M., Idler, D.R. and So, Y.P. (1986) The effect of sublethal cyanide exposure on plasma vitellogenin levels in rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri) during early vitellogenesis.Arch. env. Contam. Toxicol. 15, 603–7.Google Scholar
  117. Ruby, S.M., Idler, D.R. and So, Y.P. (1987) Changes in plasma, liver, and ovary vitellogenin in landlocked Atlantic salmon following exposure to sublethal cyanide.Arch. env. Contam. Toxicol. 16, 507–10.Google Scholar
  118. Sadhu, A.R. and Mukhopadhyay, P.K. (1985) Comparative effect of two pesticides malathion and carbofuran on testes ofClarias batrachus (Linn.).J. Env. Biol. 6, 217–22.Google Scholar
  119. Sandström, O., Neuman, E. and Karås, P. (1988) Effects of a bleached pulp mill effluent on growth and gonad function in Baltic coastal fish.Water. Sci. Tech. 20, 107–18.Google Scholar
  120. Sangalang, G.B. and Freeman, H.C. (1974) Effects of sublethal cadmium on maturation and testosterone and 11-ketotestosterone productionin vivo in brook trout.Biol. Reprod. 11, 429–35.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  121. Sangalang, G.B. and O'Halloran, M.J. (1973) Adverse effects of cadmium on brook trout testis and onin vitro testicular androgen synthesis.Biol. Reprod. 9, 394–403.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  122. Sangalang, G.B., Freeman, H.C. and Corwell, R. (1981) Testicular abnormalities in cod (Cadus morhua) fed Arochlor 1254.Arch. env. Contam. Toxicol. 10, 617–26.Google Scholar
  123. Saxena, P.K. and Bhatia, R. (1983) Effect of vegetable oil factory effluent on ovarian recrudescence in the freshwater teleost.Channa punctatus (B1.).Water Air Soil Poll. 20, 55–61.Google Scholar
  124. Saxena, P.K. and Garg, M. (1978) Effect of insecticidal pollution on ovarian recrudescence in the freshwater teleost,Channa punctatus B1.Ind. J. exp. Biol. 16, 690–91.Google Scholar
  125. Saxena, P.K. and Mani, K. (1985) Quantitative study of testicular recrudescence in the fresh water teleost.Channa punctatus (B1.) exposed to pesticides.Bull. env. Contam. Toxicol. 34, 597–607.Google Scholar
  126. Saxena, P.K. and Mani, K. (1987) Effect of safe concentrations of some pesticides on testicular recrudescence in the freshwater murrel,Channa punctatus (B1.): a morphological study.Ecotoxicol. env. Safety 14, 56–63.Google Scholar
  127. Saxena, P.K., Mani, K. and Kondal, J.K. (1986) Effect of safe application rate (SAR) concentrations of some biocides on the gonads of the fresh water murrel,Channa punctatus (B1.) — a biochemical study.Ecotoxicol. env. Safety 12, 1–14.Google Scholar
  128. Sehgal, R. and Pandey, A.K. (1984) Effect of cadmium chloride on testicular activities in guppyLebistes reticulatus.Comp. Physiol. Ecol. 9, 225–30.Google Scholar
  129. Sehgal, R., Tomar, V. and Pandey, A.K. (1984) Comparative effects of two heavy metallic salts on the testis of viviparous teleost,Lebistes reticularis (Peters).J. env. Biol. 5, 185–92.Google Scholar
  130. Sharpe, R.M. and Skakkebak, N.E. (1993) Are oestrogens involved in falling sperm counts and disorders of the male reproductive tract.Lancet B41, 1392–5.Google Scholar
  131. Shukla, J.P. and Pandey, K. (1984a) Arsenic induced structural changes during the ovarian cycle of a freshwater perch,Colisa fasciatus (Bloch and Schneider).Bull. Inst. Zool. Acad. Sinica 23, 69–74.Google Scholar
  132. Shukla, J.P. and Pandey, K. (1984b) Impaired spermatogenesis in arsenic treated freshwater fish,Colisa fasciatus (B1. and Sch.).Toxicol. Lett. 21, 191–5.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  133. Shukla, J.P. and Pandey, K. (1984c) Arsenic induced cellular and biochemical changes during the testicular cycle of a freshwater perch,Colisa fasciatus (B1. & Sch.).Cell. mol. Biol. 30, 227–31.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  134. Shukla, J.P. and Pandey, K. (1984d) Carbamide induced histological alterations during different phases of the testicular cycle of a freshwater perch,Colisa fasciatus (B1. & Sch.)Bull. Inst. Zool., Acad. Sinica 23, 181–6.Google Scholar
  135. Shukla, J.P. and Pandey, K. (1984e) Effects of three insecticides on the histoarchitecture of pituitary gland inSarotherodon mossambicus.Uttar Pradesh J. Zool. 4, 201–4.Google Scholar
  136. Shukla, J.P. and Pandey, K. (1985) Ovarian recrudescence in a freshwater teleost,Sarotherodon mossambicus in DDT treatment and pattern of recoupment.J. env. Biol. 6, 195–204.Google Scholar
  137. Shukla, J.P. and Pandey, K. (1986) Effects of endosuplhan on the hypothalamo-hypophysial complex and fish reproductive physiology.Bull. env. Contam. Toxicol. 36, 122–31.Google Scholar
  138. Shukla, L., Shrivastava, A., Merwani, D. and Pandey, A.K. (1984) Effect of sublethal malathion on ovarian histophysiology inSarotherodon mossambicus.Comp. Physiol. Ecol. 9, 13–17.Google Scholar
  139. Singh, H. (1989) Interaction of xenobiotics with reproductive endocrine functions in a protogynous teleost,Monopterus albus.Mar. env. Res. 28, 285–9.Google Scholar
  140. Singh, H. and Singh, T.P. (1980a) Effects of two pesticides on testicular32P uptake, gonadotrophic potency, lipid and cholesterol content of testis, liver and blood serum during spawning phase inHeteropneustes fossilis (Bloch).Endokrinologie 76, 288–96.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  141. Singh, H. and Singh, T.P. (1980b) Short-term effect of two pesticides on the survival, ovarian32P uptake and gonadotrophic potency in a freshwater catfish,Heteropneustes fossilis (Bloch).J. Endocrinol. 85, 193–9.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  142. Singh, H. and Singh, T.P. (1980c) Effect of two pesticides on ovarian32P uptake and gonadotrophin concentration during different phases of annual reproductive cycle in the freshwater catfish,Heteropneustes fossilis (Bloch).Env. Res. 22, 190–200.Google Scholar
  143. Singh, H. and Singh, T.P. (1980d) Effect of two pesticides on total lipid and cholesterol contents of ovary, liver and blood serum during different phases of the annual reproductive cycle in the freshwater teleostHeteropneustes fossilis (Bloch).Env. Poll. 23, 9–17.Google Scholar
  144. Singh, H. and Singh, T.P. (1980e) Short-term effect of two pesticides on lipid and cholesterol content of liver, ovary and blood serum during the pre-spawning phase in the freshwater teleost,Heteropneustes fossilis (Bloch).Env. Poll. 22, 85–90.Google Scholar
  145. Singh, H. and Singh, T.P. (1981) Effect of parathion and aldrin on survival, ovarian32P-uptake and gonadotrophic potency in a freshwater catfish,Heteropneustes fossilis (Bloch).Endokrinologie 77, 173–8.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  146. Singh, H. and Singh, T.P. (1982a) Effects of pesticides on fish reproduction.Ichthyologia 15, 71–81.Google Scholar
  147. Singh, H. and Singh, T.P. (1982b) Effect of some pesticides on hypothalamo-hypophyseal-ovarian axis in the freshwater catfishHeteropneustes fossilis (Bloch).Env. Poll. 27A, 283–8.Google Scholar
  148. Singh, P.B. (1992) Impact of malathion and γ-BHC on lipid metabolism in the freshwater female catfish,Heteropneustes fossilis.Ecotoxicol. env. Safety 23, 22–32.Google Scholar
  149. Singh, P.B. and Kime, D.E. (1994)In vivo incorporation of [1-14C]acetic acid into liver lipids of goldfish,Carassius auratus, during γ-hexachlorocyclohexane exposure.Aquat. Toxicol. (in press)Google Scholar
  150. Singh, P.B. and Singh, T.P. (1991) Impact of γ-BHC on sex steroid levels and their modulation by ovine luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone andMystus gonadotropin in the freshwater catfish,Heteropneustes fossilis.Aquat. Toxicol. 21, 93–102.Google Scholar
  151. Singh, P.B. and Singh, T.P. (1992a) Modulatory actions of ovine luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone andMystus gonadotropin on γ-BHC-induced changes in lipid levels in the freshwater catfish,Heteropneustes fossilis.Ecotoxicol. env. Safety 24, 192–202.Google Scholar
  152. Singh, P.B. and Singh, T.P. (1992b) IMpact of γ-BHC on lipid class levels and their modulation by reproductive hormones in the freshwater catfish,Heteropneustes fossilis.Bull. env. Contam. Toxicol. 48, 23–30.Google Scholar
  153. Singh, P.B. and Singh, T.P. (1992c) Impact of malathion and γ-BHC on steroidogenesis in the freshwater catfish,Heteropneustes fossilis.Aquat. Toxicol. 22, 69–80.Google Scholar
  154. Singh, P.B., Kime, D.E. and Singh, T.P. (1993) Modulatory actions ofMystus gonadotropin on γ-BHC-induced histological changes, cholesterol, and sex steroid levels inHeteropneustes fossilis.Ecotoxicol. env. Safety 25, 141–53.Google Scholar
  155. Singh, P.B., Kime, D.E., Epler, P. and Chyb, J. (1994) Impact of γ-hexachlorocyclohexane exposure on plasma gonadotropin levels andin vitro stimulation of gonadal steroid production by carp hypophyseal homogenate inCarassius auratus.J. Fish Biol. 44, 195–204.Google Scholar
  156. Singh, S. and Singh, T.P. (1987a) Impact of malathion and hexachlorocyclohexane on plasma profiles of three sex hormones during different phases of the reproductive cycle inClarias batrachus.Pesticide Biochem. Physiol. 27, 301–8.Google Scholar
  157. Singh, S. and Singh, T.P. (1987b) Evaluation of toxicity limit and sex hormone production in response to Cythion and BHC in the vitellogenic catfishClarias batrachus.Env. Res. 42, 482–8.Google Scholar
  158. Singh, T.P., Yadav, A.K., Lal, B. and Singh, S. (1989) Impact of pesticide on fish reproduction: a review.Sci. Res. J. 1, 9–20.Google Scholar
  159. Sivarajah, K., Franklin, C.S. and Williams, W.P. (1978a) Some histopathological effects of Arochlor 1254 on the liver and gonads of rainbow trout,Salmo gairdneri and carp,Cyprinus carpio.J. Fish Biol. 13, 411–14.Google Scholar
  160. Sivarajah, K., Franklin, C.S. and Williams, W.P. (1978b) The effects of polychlorinated biphenyls on plasma steroid levels and hepatic microsomal enzymes in fish.J. Fish Biol. 13, 401–9.Google Scholar
  161. Sivarajah, K., Franklin, C.S. and Williams, W.P. (1979) Some studies on the hepatic microsomal enzyme activities and steroid hormone levels in carp,Cyprinus carpio exposed for six months.J. Fish Biol. 15, 249–53.Google Scholar
  162. Smith, R.M. and Cole, C.F. (1973) Effects of egg concentrations of DDT and dieldrin on development in winter flounder (Pseudopleuronectes americanus).J. Fish. Res. Bd Can. 30, 1894–8.Google Scholar
  163. Speranza, A.W., Seeley, R.J., Seeley, V.A. and Perlmutter, A. (1977) The effect of sublethal concentrations of zinc on reproduction in the zebrafish,Brachydanio rerio Hamilton-Buchanan.Env. Poll. 12, 217–22.Google Scholar
  164. Spies, R.B. and Rice, D.W., jun. (1988) Effects of organic contaminants on reproduction of the starry flounderPlatichthys stellatus in San Francisco Bay. II. Reproductive success of fish captured in San Francisco Bay and spawned in the laboratory.Mar. Biol. 98, 191–200.Google Scholar
  165. Srivastava, A.K. (1987) Changes induced by lead in fish testis.J. env. Biol. 8, 329–32.Google Scholar
  166. Stein, J.E., Hom, T., Sanborn, H.R. and Varanasi, U. (1991) Effects of exposure to a contaminated-sediment extract on the metabolism and disposition of 17β-estradiol in English sole (Parophrys vetulus),Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 99C, 231–40.Google Scholar
  167. Stock, J.N. and Cope, O.B. (1969) Some effects of TEPA, an insect chemosterilant, on the guppy,Poecilia reticulata.Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 2, 280–87.Google Scholar
  168. Sukumar, A. and Karpagaganapathy, P.R. (1992) Pesticide-induced atresia in ovary of a freshwater fish,Colisa ialia (Hamilton-Buchanan).Bull. env. Contam. Toxicol. 48, 457–62.Google Scholar
  169. Tam, W.H. and Payson, P.D. (1986) Effects of chronic exposure to sublethal pH on growth, egg production, and ovulation in brook trout,Salvelinus fontinalis.Can. J. Fish. aquat. Sci. 43, 275–80.Google Scholar
  170. Tam, W.H., Birkett, L., Makaran, R., Payson, P.D., Whitney, D.K. and Yu, C.K.-C. (1987) Modification of carbohydrate metabolism and liver vitellogenic function in brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) by exposure to low pH.Can. J. Fish. aquat. Sci. 44, 630–35.Google Scholar
  171. Tam, W.H., Fryer, J.N., Valentine, B. and Roy, R.J.J. (1990) Reduction in oocyte production and gonadotrope activity, and plasma levels of estrogens and vitellogenin, in brook trout exposed to low environmental pH.Can. J. Zool. 68, 2468–76.Google Scholar
  172. Thomas, J.A., Korach, K.S. and McLachlan, J.A. (eds) (1985)Endocrine Toxicology. New York: Raven Press. 404 pp.Google Scholar
  173. Thomas, P. (1988) Reproductive endocrine function in female Atlantic croaker exposed to pollutants.Mar. env. Res. 24, 179–83.Google Scholar
  174. Thomas, P. (1989) Effects of Arochlor 1254 and cadmium on reproductive endocrine function and ovarian growth in Atlantic croaker.Mar. env. Res. 28, 499–503.Google Scholar
  175. Thomas, P. (1990) Teleost model for studying the effects of chemicals on female reproductive endocrine function.J. exp. Zool. Suppl. 4, 126–8.Google Scholar
  176. Truscott, B., Walsh, J.M., Burton, M.P., Payne, J.F. and Idler, D.R. (1983) Effect of acute exposure to crude petroleum on some reproductive hormones in salmon and flounder.Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 75C, 121–30.Google Scholar
  177. Tulasi, S.J., Reddy, P.U.M. and Rao, J.V.R. (1989) Effects of lead on the spawning potential of the fresh water fish,Anabas testudineus.Bull. Env. Contam. Toxicol. 43, 858–63.Google Scholar
  178. Van der Kraak, G.J., Munkittrick, K.R., McMaster, M.E., Portt, C.B. and Chang, J.P. (1992) Exposure to bleached kraft pulp mill effluent disrupts the pituitary-gonadal axis of white sucker at multiple sites.Toxicol. appl. Pharmacol. 115, 224–33.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  179. Verma, S.R. and Tonk, I.P. (1983) Effect of sublethal concentrations of mercury on the composition of liver, muscles and ovary ofNotopterus notopterus.Water, Air, Soil Poll. 20, 287–92.Google Scholar
  180. Victor, B., Mahalingam, S. and Sarojini, R. (1986) Toxicity of mercury and cadmium on oocyte differentiation and vitellogenesis of the teleost,Lepidocephalichthys thermalis (Bleeker).J. Env. Biol. 7, 209–14.Google Scholar
  181. Von Westernhagen, H., Dethlefsen, V., Cameron, P. and Janssen, D. (1987) Chlorinated hydrocarbon residues in gonads of marine fish and effects on reproduction.Sarsia 72, 419–22.Google Scholar
  182. Vuorinen, P.J. and Vuorinen, M. (1985) Effects of bleached kraft mill effluent on reproduction of brown trout (Salmo trutta L.) on a restricted diet.Finnish Fish. Res. 6, 92–105.Google Scholar
  183. Weiner, G.S., Schreck, C.B. and Li, H.W. (1986) Effects of low pH on reproduction of rainbow trout.Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 115, 75–82.Google Scholar
  184. Wester, P.W. (1991) Histopathological effects of environmental pollutants β-HCH and methylmercury on reproductive organs in freshwater fish.Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 100C, 237–9.Google Scholar
  185. Wester, P.W. and Canton, J.H. (1986) Histopathological study ofOryzias latipes (medaka) after long-term β-hexachlorocyclohexane exposure.Aquat. Toxicol. 9, 21–45.Google Scholar
  186. Wester, P.W., Canton, J.H. and Bisschop, A. (1985) Histopathological study ofPoecilia reticulata (guppy) after long-term β-hexachlorocyclohexane exposure.Aquat. Toxicol. 6, 271–96.Google Scholar
  187. Yano, T. and Matsuyama, H. (1986) Stimulatory effect of PCB on the metabolism of sex hormones in carp hepatopancreas.Bull. Jap. Soc. scient. Fish. 52, 1847–52.Google Scholar
  188. Yasuno, M., Hatakeyama, S. and Miyashita, M. (1980) Effects on reproduction in the guppy (Poecilia reticulata) under chronic exposure to temephos and fenitrothion.Bull. env. Contam. Toxicol. 25, 29–33.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Chapman & Hall 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • David E. Kime
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Animal and Plant SciencesThe University of SheffieldSheffieldUnited Kingdom

Personalised recommendations