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Education, population, environment and sustainable development

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Abstract

It is widely acknowledged that education and training have an important role in meeting the challenges of global environmental change. This paper looks at the way global concerns have emerged and evolved in recent decades, how they are interrelated, especially the population-environment interrelationships, and at the need for sustainable development. Population and environmental education have been two distinct educational responses, both fostered by international organizations, but now they need to be linked. The paper looks at the way geography, especially population geography, may offer integrating opportunities, through its academic scope, a wide range of spatial and time scales, and a consciousness of the great diversity of cultures, economies, polities and environments.

Zusammenfassung

Es ist allgemein bekannt, daß Bildung und Ausbildung eine wichtige Rolle bei der Reaktion auf weltweite Umweltveränderungen spielen. In diesem Artikel wird erörtert, wie weltweite Probleme in den letzten Jahrzehnten entstanden sind und wie sie sich weiterentwickelt haben, wie sie unter besonderer Beachtung der Beziehungen zwischen Bevölkerung und Umwelt miteinander zusammenhängen und wie die notwendige Entwicklung unterstützt werden kann. Bevölkerungslehre und Erziehung zum Umweltbewußtsein sind zwei voneinander getrennte bildungspolitische Antworten, die beide von internationalen Organisationen gefördert werden, nunmehr aber miteinander verbunden werden sollten. Der Artikel setzt sich damit auseinander, inwieweit die Geographie, besonders die Bevölkerungslehre, durch ihre akademische Reichweite Möglichkeiten zur Integration bietet, sich mit zeit- und raumbezogenen Dimensionen befaßt und ein Bewußtsein über die große Vielfalt an Kulturen, Wirtschaftssystemen, politischen Systemen und Umgebungen schafft.

Résumé

Il est universellement reconnu que l'éducation et la formation sont indispensables pour répondre aux défis du changement global de l'environnement. Le présent article examine la manière dont les problèmes globaux ont apparu et se sont développés au cours des dernières décennies, leurs relations mutuelles, particulièrement celles entre l'environnement et la population, et la nécessité d'un développement durable. L'éducation en matière de population et l'éducation relative à l'environnement sont deux réponses éducatives distinctes, toutes deux promues par les organisations internationales, mais à présent il paraît nécessaire d'établir un lien entre elles. On analyse, par ailleurs, la manière dont la géographie, en particulier la géographie de la population, peut offrir des possibilités d'intégration, grâce à sa portée théorique, un grand nombre d'échelles spatiales et temporelles, et une connaissance de la grande diversité des cultures, économies, politiques et environnements.

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Clarke, J.I. Education, population, environment and sustainable development. Int Rev Educ 39, 53–61 (1993). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01102442

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Keywords

  • Sustainable Development
  • Environmental Change
  • Recent Decade
  • Environmental Education
  • Global Environmental Change