Climatic Change

, Volume 28, Issue 1–2, pp 209–219 | Cite as

Conclusions, remaining issues, and next steps

  • Kenneth D. Frederick
  • Indur M. Goklany
  • Norman J. Rosenberg


The workshop focused on methodologies to assess the impacts of climate change on terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems and their socioeconomic consequences. It did not deal in any detail with the other components (i.e., models designed to estimate changes in atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases or in climatic factors) of an integrated assessment shown in Figure 2 of the introduction. This final chapter discusses some of the issues addressed during the San Diego workshop and highlights a few of the major findings of the papers. Issues discussed below include limitations of past modeling efforts and impediments to developing better models of the impacts of climate change on forest, grassland, and water resources; suggestions for future research both to develop better data and models and to employ existing data and modeling capabilities to improve the usefulness of climate impact assessments for policy purposes; and the need for developing a common assessment framework.


Climate Change Water Resource Aquatic Ecosystem Impact Assessment Modeling Effort 
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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kenneth D. Frederick
    • 1
  • Indur M. Goklany
    • 2
  • Norman J. Rosenberg
    • 3
  1. 1.Resources for the FutureWashington DCUSA
  2. 2.U.S. Department of the InteriorUSA
  3. 3.Battelle, Pacific Northwest LaboratoriesWashington DCUSA

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