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The pattern of rhizome yield and their accumulation of commercially important chemical constituents in turmeric (Curcuma species), during growth and development

Abstract

Two turmeric varieties, plants of the Zingiberaceae belonging to the ginger family(curcuma longa andC. aromatica), were studied for their rhizome yield and accumulation of important chemical constituents during growth and development at monthly intervals.C. longa tubers were found to be superior in their curcumin andCaromatica ones in essential oil percentages, at final maturity. The pattern of development of starch was also studied.

Zusammenfassung

Zwei Turmeric-Arten der Familie der Zingiberaceae, der Ingwergewächse(Curcuma longa undC. aromatica) wurden in monatlichen Intervallen auf ihren Rhizom-Ertrag und die Anreicherung von bedeutenden chemischen Bestandteilen während des Wachstums und der Entwicklung untersucht.C. longa Knollen hatten einen höheren Curcumin-Gehalt undC. aromatica einen höheren Prozentsatz ätherischer Öle am Ende der Reifeperiode. Der Verlauf der Stärkeentwicklung wurde ebenfalls verfolgt.

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References

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Mathai, C.K. The pattern of rhizome yield and their accumulation of commercially important chemical constituents in turmeric (Curcuma species), during growth and development. Plant Food Hum Nutr 28, 219–225 (1978). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01093951

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Keywords

  • Starch
  • Plant Physiology
  • Curcumin
  • Chemical Constituent
  • Monthly Interval