This study investigated the usage, consumption pattern and chemical composition of fermented foods consumed in 191 rural households (1 030 individuals) in Emene. The result showed that fermented foods were widely used and consumed by most age groups (under 2 years to adults) because of poor socioeconomic status. Fermentation period varied with type of food and was mostly carried out as a means of detoxifying certain foods. Generally, fermented foods contributed substantially to the daily caloric (46.3 to 79.9% for males and 57.5 to 78% for females); calcium (33.8 to 63.5% for males and 48.3 to 55.4% for females); iron (34.4 to 58.6% for males and 47.4 to 74.6% for females); and thiamin (23 to 58.5% for males and 37.5 to 60% for females) intakes. The contributions of fermented foods to protein (10 to 40.7%) and ascorbic acid (1.9 to 18.7%) intakes were however, low. When compared with the FAO recommendations, the daily intakes of protein, calcium, riboflavin, niacin and ascorbic acid by the subjects were low due to large consumption of starchy root crops. Poor financial status was the most limiting factor to adequate nutrient intake. Such results point out the need for nutrition education related to improved methods of preparation and food selection.
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Onofiok, N., Nnanyelugo, D.O. & Ukwondi, B.E. Usage patterns and contribution of fermented foods to the nutrient intakes of low income households in Emene, Nigeria. Plant Food Hum Nutr 49, 199–211 (1996). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01093216
- Fermented foods
- Usage patterns
- Nutrient contribution
- Low socioeconomic group
- Rural Nigeria